关于“单位GDP碳排放”概念的探析
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引用本文:张文婧,廖进中,廖任飞.关于“单位GDP碳排放”概念的探析[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2010,(5):74-76
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作者单位
张文婧 (湖南大学 经济与贸易学院湖南 长沙410082) 
廖进中  
廖任飞  
中文摘要:中国政府公布的基于“单位GDP碳排放”概念的相对减排目标,体现了发展中国家在面对气候变化时“发展优先”的原则,但由于没有将非国民因素产生的收益及碳排放予以剔除而具有局限性。基于此,本文提出“单位GNI碳排放”概念。它结合国民总收入这一反映国家经济发展真实水平和国民福利水平的指标,能更科学地体现中国实际经济发展和温室气体排放水平。
中文关键词:气候危机  单位GDP碳排放  单位GNI碳排放
 
Discussions on the Concept of Carbon Emissions Per Unit of GDP
Abstract:Chinese government announced its first firm target on greenhouse gas emissions, reducing the intensity of carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP in 2020 by 40 to 45 percent compared with that in 2005. In this announcement, the relative value, the amount of carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP, was stated to emphasis that China's social and economic development and people's benefits are of the same importance to handling climate change issue. The purpose of this study is to analyze advantages and disadvantages of this carbon intensity index, and to advance another relatively reasonable carbon measurement - carbon emissions per unit of GNI- to overcome some limitations of carbon emissions per unit of GDP.
keywords:climate crisis  carbon emissions per unit of GDP  carbon emissions per unit of GNI
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