朱子与儒家的精神传统
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引用本文:刘述先.朱子与儒家的精神传统[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2011,(1):5-10
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作者单位
刘述先 (台湾“中央研究院” 中国文哲研究所台湾 台北) 
中文摘要:儒家哲学可分为三个大时代:先秦、宋明、现代;儒家的精神传统,不只是俗世伦理;先秦儒学最关键性的人物是孔子(仁内礼外)和孟子(仁义内在、性由心显);二程担负道统,对性理进行了阐发和开拓,朱子建构道统,编纂了《近思录》和《四书集注》,程朱学被定为圣学的一支。五四(1919)反传统,儒学由中心到边缘,当代新儒家对儒学进行了积极的反思,儒学复兴。进入新世纪,儒家学者应该给予“理一分殊”以创造性的诠释以面对“全球地域化”的挑战。
中文关键词:圣学  道统  理一分殊
 
Master Zhu and the Confucian Spiritual Tradition
Abstract:〗The Confucian philosophy can be classified into three epochs: Pre Qin, Sung Ming, and Contemporary. The Confucian spiritual tradition is not just a secular ethics. The key figures of early Confucianism date back to Confucius and Mencius. The two unified the orthodoxy, and made new interpretation and exploration to the principle. Master Zhu constructed the orthodoxy, compiled“Reflections on Things”and “Commentaries on the Four Books”, which were regarded as a branch of sagely learning, and adopted as basis for Civil Service Examinations from 1313 to 1905; In the anti tradition “May Fourth Movement” in 1919, Confucianism was put into periphery. Reflections of contemporary neo Confucianism revives Confucianism. A new interpretation of “One Principle with Many Manifestations” is required to challenge global localization.
keywords:sagely learning  orthodoxy  one Principle with many Manifestations
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