试论上博楚简“古《诗序》”的补字
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引用本文:汤斐琼.试论上博楚简“古《诗序》”的补字[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2011,(2):34-40
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作者单位
汤斐琼 (湖南大学 岳麓书院湖南 长沙410082) 
中文摘要:从分析上海博物馆所藏楚简“古《诗序》”释文残缺情况入手,讨论了简文的残缺情况,以及几位有代表性的学者的补字,提出楚简补字必须遵循宁缺勿滥的原则。在具体补字的过程中,要综合考虑楚简的形制、字数、前后文等因素,遵循楚简简文句式重复的规律等,并以这些讨论印证了学者归纳总结的9类直接补字的相关句式。
中文关键词:楚简  古《诗序》  孔子诗论  诗论  补字
 
On the Reconstruction of the Chu Bamboo Slip Version of the “Ancient Preface to the Poetry” by Inserting Missing Characters
Abstract:This article analyses the Chu bamboo slip version of the “Ancient Preface to the Poetry” in the Shanghai Museum collection. It examines the transcription with missing characters of the broken bamboo slips, and some programs of inserting missing characters by the representable scholars. This article proposes “putting quality before quantity” as a must principal for inserting missing characters for the Chu bamboo slip text. It also proposes principals of considering formats of bamboo slips, numbers of the characters on each relevant bamboo slip, context of the broken bamboo slips, the intellectual logic of the text, and syntax of the related sentences. Accordingly, this article proves the 9 types of syntax that may be directly used as evidence for inserting missing characters are reasonable.
keywords:Chu bamboo slips  Ancient Preface to the poetry  Comments on the poetry by Confucius  Comments on the poetry  inserting missing characters
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