朝鲜时代书院享祀礼研究——以九大书院享祀礼为中心
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引用本文:[韩国]韩在壎.朝鲜时代书院享祀礼研究——以九大书院享祀礼为中心[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2017,(3):20-26
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作者单位
[韩国]韩在壎 (延世大学 国学研究院韩国 首尔03722) 
中文摘要:朝鲜时代现存书院中具有代表性的是所谓九大书院。通过比较九大书院的祭祀礼,考察朝鲜时代书院祭祀礼的开展过程。特别是通过分析各书院的异同点,探讨书院享祀礼的认同性的构建过程。朝鲜时代的书院将自身定位在乡校和乡祠之间,这种定位意识十分强烈。尤其是在整顿书院享祀礼的过程中,在参照乡校释奠礼的同时又特别注重繁简程度的区别。九大书院享祀礼之间的具体内容也有所不同,如果将这九所书院之外的书院也考虑在内,差异性会更大。然而正是这种“不同”的存在,意味着韩国的书院享祀礼不是由国家制定的,而是多样的学术共同体经过能动的考量和讨论来确定的;同时可以显示出朝鲜时代的书院享祀礼维持“大同”,也存在着“小异”。这不只是书院享祀礼的发展特征,也是朝鲜时代的书院文化发展的特征之一。
中文关键词:朝鲜时代  书院  享祀礼
 
North Korea Times Academy Xiang Si Research——CENTERED ON NINE ACADEMY XIANGSI CEREMONY
Abstract:North Korea times academy of existing representative,is called nine academy.By comparing the sacrifice,the nine academy in north Korea times academy sacrifice of process,especially through the analysis of the similarities and differences of each college,and this paper discusses the academy XiangSi process of the construction of the identity.The Korean academy of the era of positioning itself in the village school and village temple,between the positioning consciousness is very strong.Especially the process of consolidation academy XiangSi ceremony,in reference to the township suggested a drink at the same time,with a special focus on ritual differences between verbosity.Nine academy XiangSi ceremony between the specific content is also different,if the nine college outside of the college is also taken into consideration,the difference is bigger.This “different” exists,however,it means that the south Korean academy XiangSi ceremony is not formulated by the state,but a variety of academic community through active consideration and discussion to determine.At the same time it can show the Korean academy of the era of XiangSi maintains “datong”,there exists “small”.It is not only the development characteristics of the academy XiangSi ritual,but also the north college,one of the defining characteristics of cultural development of the Times.
keywords:North Korea times  academy  XiangSi research
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