“抒情的文学”与“叙事的文学”——王国维文学类型二分法之探究
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引用本文:张冠夫.“抒情的文学”与“叙事的文学”——王国维文学类型二分法之探究[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2017,(3):100-107
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张冠夫 (北京语言大学 人文学院北京100083) 
中文摘要:在中国文学的观念和理论体系由传统向现代转化的进程中,就文学类型的划分而言,王国维将文学分为“抒情的文学”和“叙事的文学”两大类型,这与西方盛行的三分法明显不同。王国维的二分法既表现出清末文学思想激变中的某些共性特征,更体现出所受以叔本华为代表的西方文学、美学观念的深刻影响,但其中仍包含着独特的个人的体悟和创见。虽然在其二分法中有着一定的源于时代和个人的认识偏颇和局限,但王国维随后即进行了反省和纠偏。王国维的文学类型二分法的理论价值尚未得到充分认识,其所经历的心路历程至今仍具有启示意义。
中文关键词:王国维  文学类型  抒情的文学  叙事的文学  二分法
 
Lyrical Literature and Narrative Literature—On the Dichotomy of Literary Genre Raised by Wang Guowei
Abstract:The conception and theoretical system of the Chinese literature has experienced a conversion from the traditional stage to the modern stage.In terms of the division of literary genre,literature has been divided by Wang Guowei into two parts: the lyrical literature and the narrative literature.This division differs from the prevailing trichotomy in the Western.The dichotomy indicates violent changes of literary thoughts in the late Qing Dynasty.Besides,the profound influence made by the Western literary and aesthetic conception represented by Schopenhauer,can be seen from this referred changes.However,the unique personal insights and creative ideas of Wang can still be dug from the changes.Despite the bias and limits due to the influence of the certain time and objectivity,Wang has done introspection and correction.Up to now, the theoretical value of the dichotomy of literature genre by Wang has not been completely recognized,but the enlightening significance of his inner mind journey about his theory should be noticed.
keywords:Wang Guowei  Literary genre  Lyrical literature  Narrative literature  Dichotomy
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