李梦阳与书院文化
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引用本文:王昌伟.李梦阳与书院文化[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2019,(3):14-20
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作者单位
王昌伟 (新加坡国立大学 中文系新加坡119260) 
中文摘要:李梦阳是明中叶文学复古运动的领军人物,名列明代文学史上的“前七子”。由于李梦阳在文学领域的深远影响,学者在研究李梦阳的时候,一般只关注他的文学思想和活动,甚少涉及其余。其实,文学只是李梦阳整体学术的一部分。李梦阳对书院文化的参与,揭示明中叶书院文化发展的其中一个面向。南宋士大夫基本上有两种看待书院的方式。一是进入国家体制成为官学的一部分,二是让不完全认可官学教育的改革家试验其有别于,但不一定和官学对抗的教育理念的场所。李梦阳著作中和书院有关的篇章,证明其代表的正是前一种观点。李氏把书院视为官学的延伸,剔除了理学私学理想的部分,使之成为国家体系的附庸。
中文关键词:李梦阳  书院文化  理学  私学  官学
 
Li Meng-yang and Academy Culture
Abstract:Li Mengyang is best known for his role in initiating the literary archaist movement and as the leader of the literary group called “Former Seven Masters”. Yet literature was also a part of his overall intellectual endeavor. This paper explores Li’s involvement in the academy culture, first promoted by the Southern Song Neo-Confucian scholars, during the mid-Ming period. I argue that Li saw the academy as an extension of the state school system, rather than an arena for experimenting with an alternative vision of literati learning predicated on private education.
keywords:Li Meng-yang  academy culture  neo-confucianism  private education  state school
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