“按日计罚”实施中的政府责任研究
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引用本文:刘细良,朱花.“按日计罚”实施中的政府责任研究[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2019,(3):59-64
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作者单位
刘细良,朱花 (湖南大学 法学院 湖南 长沙410082) 
中文摘要:自新环保法实施后,全国各地相继根据“按日计罚”规定开出巨额罚单,但是违法排污现象仍屡禁不止。在“按日计罚”实施过程中,政府存在政治责任、法律责任、社会责任缺失以及行政责任追究缺位等问题。这些缺失(缺位)源于府际与部际协同不足、对政府的有效监督匮乏、行政执法裁量权滥用、行政责任追究制度不完善等。因此,政府必须协同推进“按日计罚” 实施的配套措施、完善其监督机制,将其效果与政绩挂钩,完善行政问责机制等,以促进“按日计罚”的有效实施,助推美丽中国的建设进程。
中文关键词:按日计罚  法律实施  政府责任
 
A Study on the Government Responsibility in the Implementation of Consecutive Daily Fines
Abstract:Since the implementation of the new Law of the Environmental Protection, our country has been given many huge tickets according to the Consecutive Daily Fines , but illegal sewage disposal keeps occurring. In the process of implementing Consecutive Daily Fines, the government has some problems such as lack of political responsibility, legal responsibility, social responsibility,and the realization of administrative liability. The study found that the government’s lack of responsibility stems from the lack of inter-governmental coordination, the lack of effective supervision of the government, the abuse of administrative law enforcement discretion, and the incomplete administrative liability system. Therefore, it is necessary to jointly promote the matching measures, improve the supervision mechanism, link the environmental responsibility with the performance, and improve the administrative liability system to promote the effective implementation of Consecutive Daily Fines and to push the construction process of beautiful China.
keywords:consecutive daily fines  implementation of law  government responsibility
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