晚清民族平等意识之演进
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引用本文:高恒天1,李艳萍1,2.晚清民族平等意识之演进[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2019,(3):116-121
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作者单位
高恒天1,李艳萍1,2 (1.中南大学 公共管理学院湖南 长沙410083
2.湖南师范大学 教师教育学院湖南 长沙410081) 
中文摘要:晚清民族平等意识随着民族危机的加深和民族救亡运动的发展而呈现为阶段性演进的特征,不同的阶段存在着不同的意识主体和内容。它萌生于鸦片战争时期林则徐等人睁眼看世界以及对华夷格局与朝贡体系的突破意识;成长于太平天国运动中“学习西方,振兴中华”以及洋务派的“自强”“商战”意识之中;壮大于维新运动时期的“救亡”“竞争”意识之中;成就于以孙中山为代表的革命派“驱除鞑虏”“建立民国”的运动之中。它的演进不但伴随着爱国主义情感,而且始终以先进的知识分子为先锋。
中文关键词:晚清  民族平等  意识  演进
 
Evolution of National Equality Consciousness in the Late Qing Dynasty
Abstract:With the deepening of the national crisis and the development of the national salvation movement, the consciousness of national equality in the late Qing Dynasty presented the characteristics of gradual evolution. There were different subjects and content of consciousness in different stages. It originated from Lin Zexu and others' looking at the world with contention and their consciousness of breaking through the pattern and tributary system of China and Yi during the Opium War. It grew up in the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement's consciousness of "learning from the West, revitalizing China" and also grew up in the westernization-drive of "self-strengthening" and "commercial war". It is Strengthened in the Consciousness of "Salvation" and "Competition" during the Period of the Reform Movement and accomplished in the movement of "expelling the Tartars" and "establishing the Republic" by the revolutionaries represented by Sun Yat-sen. Its evolution is not only accompanied by patriotic feelings, but also always pioneered by advanced intellectuals.
keywords:late Qing Dynasty  equality of nationality  consciousness  evolution
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