吕祖谦与张栻交游详考——兼谈南宋初年“东南三贤”之由来
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引用本文:张 天 杰.吕祖谦与张栻交游详考——兼谈南宋初年“东南三贤”之由来[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2019,(4):25-34
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作者单位
张 天 杰 (杭州师范大学 公共管理学院杭州浙江 311121) 
中文摘要:朱熹、张栻、吕祖谦并称南宋初年的“东南三贤”,其中吕、张交游学界尚无专论,然却是分析此学术共同体之由来以及内在构成的关键。特别是吕、张为期两年的严州、临安之会,当是学术史上一大被忽视的盛事;二人约十二年的论学,以及“不在场者”朱熹的书信参与,影响了他们学术的发展。“东南三贤”中的学术领袖当为张栻,而撰述、发问推动最多则是朱熹,吕祖谦则以张、朱之后学自居。张、吕去世之后,学术共同体自然解体,朱熹的地位日愈重要,然而其议论则使后人对浙学、湘学之认识发生偏差,故梳理吕、张交游,并还原“东南三贤”由来历程,当极有必要。
中文关键词:南宋理学  东南三贤  吕祖谦  张栻  朱熹
 
A Detailed Study on the Communication between Lv Zuqian and Zhang Shi——Also on the Origin of the “Three Sages of the Southeast” in the Early Southern Song Dynasty
Abstract:Zhu Xi, Zhang Shi and Lv Zuqian were called the "Three Sages of the Southeast" in the early Southern Song Dynasty. The academic circle has not specially studied the communication of Lv Zuqian and Zhang Shi .But their communication was the key to analyzing the origin and internal composition of the academic community. In particular, Lv Zuqian and Zhang Shi got together in Yanzhou and Lin’an.This kind of gatherings was a neglected event in academic history. The two of them had about 12 years of academic exchanges and Zhu Xi often wrote to them to participate in their discussion, which affected their academic development. Among them, the academic leader should be Zhang Shi while Zhu Xi was good at writing and questions.And Lv Zuqian regarded himself as Zhang Shi and Zhu Xi’s junior. After the death of Zhang Shi and Lv Zuqian, the academic community naturally broke up.Since then, Zhu Xi has become more and more important. However, his opinions made the later generations deviate in their understanding of the studies of Lv Zuqian and Zhang Shi . So it should be very necessary to comb the process of the communication between Lv Zuqian and Zhang Shi and restore the origin of the "Three Sages of the Southeast".
keywords:New-Confucianism in the Soutnern Song Dynasty  Three Sages of the Southeast  Lv Zuqian  Zhang Shi  Zhu Xi
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