地区工资差异、FDI与服务业结构高级化——基于中国省域面板数据的分析
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引用本文:陈 洁1,王耀中1,姚辉斌2.地区工资差异、FDI与服务业结构高级化——基于中国省域面板数据的分析[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2019,(4):73-82
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陈 洁1,王耀中1,姚辉斌2 (1.长沙理工大学 经济与管理学院湖南 长沙 4101142.湖南大学 经济与贸易学院湖南 长沙 410079) 
中文摘要:利用2005-2016年中国省域面板数据和空间计量方法,考察服务业地区工资差异和服务业FDI对服务业结构高级化的影响及其空间作用。研究表明,本地区服务业工资上涨对该地区服务业结构高级化表现为显著的负向影响,但本地区服务业FDI的影响不显著,中国需警惕服务业结构调整中“成本病”的出现。空间回归结果进一步揭示了本地区服务业结构高级化能有效地承接临近地区服务业FDI的积极外溢作用,封闭和内循环的经济模式在中国已不再适用。不同时期的样本证实了,随着中国服务业的不断发展,本地区服务业工资上涨对该地区服务业结构高级化的影响由负转为正,并且本地区服务业结构高级化从临近地区服务业工资提高和服务业FDI增多中显著获益。
中文关键词:服务业地区工资差异  服务业FDI  服务业结构高级化
 
Regional Wage Differences, FDI and Service Industry Structure Upgrading——Based on Chinese Provincial Panel Data
Abstract:Using Chinese provincial panel data from 2005 to 2016 and spatial econometric methods, the paper examines the impact of regional wages differences in the service sector and FDI in the service sector on the service industry structure upgrading and its spatial role. Research shows that wage increases in the service sector has a significant negative effect on the service industry structure upgrading in the region, but the impact of FDI in the service sector in the region is not significant. China must be alert to the emergence of “cost disease” in the structural adjustment of the service industry. The spatial regression results further reveal that the service industry structure upgrading in the region can effectively undertake the positive spillover effect of FDI in the service sector in the neighboring regions. The closed and internal recycling economic model is no longer applicable in China. Samples from different periods show that with the continuous development of the service industry in China, the impact of wage increases in the service sector in the region on the service industry structure upgrading has changed from negative to positive, and the service industry structure upgrading in the region has benefited significantly from the increase of wage and FDI in the service sector from neighboring regions.
keywords:regional wage differences in the service sector  FDI in the service sector  service industry structure upgrading
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