从“周因殷礼”到“周文郁郁”——西周宗法礼乐制度的建构
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引用本文:陈戍国,陈 雄.从“周因殷礼”到“周文郁郁”——西周宗法礼乐制度的建构[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2019,(4):114-120
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作者单位
陈戍国,陈 雄 (湖南大学 岳麓书院湖南 长沙 410082) 
中文摘要:事情的发展总是由简到繁、由粗到细,宗周的礼乐制度亦不例外,所以“制礼作乐”绝非一蹴而就,亦非一人之功,当是一个过程的集合体,这个“过程”的时间跨度上溯文王下至成康,其间周公所发挥的作用最具代表性。周人损益“殷礼”的最大“创造”在于:发展出以嫡长子继承制为核心的、完善的宗法制度,并将宗法与分封相结合,又援“德”入“礼”,将整个社会的政治和文化生活设置在了礼乐制度的框架之下,社会上下尊卑等级分明却又洋溢着和谐的秩序。这个礼乐制度的框架包括:吉、凶、宾、军、嘉“五礼”体系;乐教、诗乐、乐舞、用乐、乐悬“五乐”制度;铜器、玉器、服冕、车马、旗帜等礼器用制。
中文关键词:周礼  礼制  乐制  礼器
 
From Learning to Breakthrough—— Construction of Patriarchal Ritual-musical System in the Western Zhou Dynasty
Abstract:Ritual-musical civilization in the Western Zhou Dynasty was an all-encompassing political, educational and cultural system. The construction process of this " system" can be traced back to King Wen of Zhou, the Duke of Zhou in the middle, and then passed on to King Cheng of Zhou. This is a process from being rough to fine and from being simple to complicated. The core of ritual-musical system is the lineal primogeniture and patriarchal clan. The spirit of ritual-musical civilization is "morality", which makes the society hierarchical while achieving harmony and order.
keywords:Ritual  Ritual system  Musical system  Sacrificial vessel
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