法律谈判:现代民事纠纷解决机制的基础——由法律谈判的概念展开
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引用本文:陈文曲,常学敏.法律谈判:现代民事纠纷解决机制的基础——由法律谈判的概念展开[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2019,(4):126-131
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作者单位
陈文曲,常学敏 (中南大学 法学院湖南 长沙 410083) 
中文摘要:学界关于法律谈判的界定众说纷纭,未能阐释其真正内涵。法律谈判需要强调“主体间沟通”,力求克服普通谈判易被目的理性异化的弊端,通过法律因素介入,引导谈判参与者进行自我约束,遵循有效对话的基本条件,在主体之间经由对话积聚共识,化解分歧。在整个纠纷解决体系中,基于交往理性的法律谈判占有基础性地位,一方面作为独立的解纷方式活跃在纠纷解决机制的“舞台”,另一方面作为其他纠纷解决机制的基础穿插在其中,推动纠纷的及时有效化解。因此,现代社会法律谈判旨在民事纠纷解决机制中起到保障真正合意,防止合意贫困化的基础性作用。
中文关键词:法律因素  法律谈判  谈判  交往理性  基础作用
 
Legal Negotiation:The Basis of Modern Civil Dispute Resolution Mechanism ——Extension of the Concept of Legal Negotiation
Abstract:There are many opinions on the definitions of legal negotiation in academic circles, which fail to explain its true connotation.Legal negotiation emphasizes "communication between subjects",and tries to overcome the shortcoming that ordinary negotiation is easily alienated by instrumental rationality. Through the intervention of legal factors,the participants are guided to self-restraint and follow the basic conditions of effective dialogues. It allows the subject to accumulate consensus through dialogues to resolve differences.In the whole civil dispute resolution system, legal negotiation based on communicative rationality occupies an important position. On the one hand,as an independent way of resolving disputes,it is active in the "stage" of dispute resolution mechanism. As the basis of other dispute resolution mechanism,on the other hand, it interspersed among them to promote the timely and effective resolution of disputes.Therefore, the legal negotiation in modern society aims to play a fundamental role in protecting the true agreement and preventing the poverty of concurrence in the mechanism of civil dispute settlement.
keywords:legal factors  legal negotiation  negotiation  communicative rationality  basic function
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