论道教宫观建筑的衍变脉络
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引用本文:王 鲁 辛.论道教宫观建筑的衍变脉络[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2019,(5):41-46
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作者单位
王 鲁 辛 (四川大学 道教与宗教文化研究所四川 成都 610064) 
中文摘要:道教建筑并非于某个时点上突然出现,而是有着一个产生、发展、变化的过程,但这一过程也绝不是沿着某一路径作线性的衍化。从整个发展历程上把握,道教建筑的衍化呈现出有章可循的脉络特征,大体上说,道教建筑经历了由早期道人们用于修炼的山中石室到汉末五斗米教“领户化民”的教区,又到魏晋“斋戒致诚”之所的靖室,再到南北朝时期“以道化民”“招揽幽逸”的道观和道馆,最后到隋唐国家祭祀及祀神之用的宫观这一衍变过程。
中文关键词:道教建筑  二十四治  静室  道观  宫观
 
A Brief Discussion on the Evolution of Taoist Palace Architecture
Abstract:Taoist architecture does not appear suddenly at a certain point, it has a process of emergence, development and change, but this process is by no means a linear derivation along a certain path. Nevertheless, from the perspective of the whole development process, the evolution of Taoist architecture shows the characteristics of rules and regulations. Generally speaking, Taoist architecture experienced a process of evolution from the stone chamber in the mountains used by early Taoists to the Church of Wudoumi religion in the late Han Dynasty, to the quiet room in the place of "fasting to sincerity" in the Wei and Jin Dynasties, to the Taoist temple in the period of the Northern and Southern Dynasties, and finally to the palace view used by the Sui and Tang Dynasties for national sacrifices to gods.
keywords:Taoist architecture  Twenty-four governing places  quiet room  Taoist temple  palace and temple
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