语义图视角下广西车田苗族“人话”“是”的多功能性研究
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引用本文:唐贤清1,王巧明1,2.语义图视角下广西车田苗族“人话”“是”的多功能性研究[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2019,(5):81-86
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作者单位
唐贤清1,王巧明1,2 (1.湖南师范大学 文学院湖南 长沙 4100812.广西民族师范学院 文学与传媒学院广西 崇左 532200) 
中文摘要:车田苗族“人话”的“是”除可以用作常见的判断动词、“合适”义动词、“凡是”义动词、“确认”义动词和焦点标记外,还具有处所动词、空间介词、时间介词、范围介词、进行体标记、程度副词等特色功能。“是”作程度副词的用法,十分罕见,经历了“判断>确认>程度”的演化路径。从“有是在”表基本概念的分类来看,车田苗族“人话”是一种“有2是2”型语言。
中文关键词:车田  苗族“人话”    多功能性  语义类型
 
Research of the Multifunctional Word \[z33\](BE) in the Renhua(人话) Dialect Used by Miao Nationality in Chetian,Guangxi from the Perspective of Semantic Map
Abstract:In Chetian Renhua(人话) dialect, the word \[z33\](BE) can be used not only as a common judgment verb, an appropriate meaning verb, every meaning verb, a confirmation meaning verb and a focus marker, but also as a place verb, a space preposition, a time preposition, a scope preposition, a progressive aspect marker and an adverb of degree. The usage of \[z33\](BE) as adverb of degree is very rare. It may go through the evolutionary path of "judgment > confirmation > degree". From the basic concepts that HAVE(有)、BE(是)、LOCATIVE(在) can express, Chetian Renhua (人话) dialect is the type of HAVE2- BE2 language.
keywords:Chetian  Renhua dialect used by Miao nationality  BE  multifunction  semantic type
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