魏源“师夷长技以制夷”思想再探
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引用本文:陈先初,胡慧娥.魏源“师夷长技以制夷”思想再探[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2019,(5):113-119
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作者单位
陈先初,胡慧娥 (湖南大学 岳麓书院 湖南 长沙 410082) 
中文摘要:魏源“师夷长技以制夷”思想,受多方因素的启发,不仅源于其对传统对外理念的承继与发扬,也受到林则徐的直接启迪,而在辑录外国史地资料时,他的这一思想亦深受西方对外理念的影响。“夷之长技”虽然主要是指近代西方的武器装备、先进科学技术及养兵练兵之法,但也包括其文教以及政制。魏源“师长”说提出后受到时人关注,产生了一定社会影响,“师长”说在其师友群中有较大回响,也受到“达官贵人”的关注,甚至已波及到朝廷。洋务运动以来,其影响更为深远。
中文关键词:魏源  “师夷长技以制夷”  《海国图志》  《圣武记》
 
Furter Exploration of Wei Yuan’s View “Learning from the Advanced Countries to Compete with Them”
Abstract:Wei Yuan’s theory of “learning from the advanced countries to compete with them” is inspired by many factors, not only derived from his inheritance and development of traditional foreign ideas, but also directly inspired by Lin Zexu. When compiling foreign historical and geographical data, his thought was also deeply influenced by western ideas. Although it mainly refers to modern western weapons and equipments, advanced technology and military training methods, it also includes its culture, education and political system. Wei Yuan’s theory of “learning from the advanced countries to compete with them” had been paid attention to by the people of the time and had produced some social influence. It had a great echo among his teachers and friends and the "dignitaries", even to the imperial court. Since the Westernization Movement, its influence has been more far-reaching.
keywords:Wei Yuan  the Theory of “Learning from the Advanced Countries to Compete with Them”  Maps and Records of the World  Sheng Wuji
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