专利实用性要求宽松与严苛之博弈与启示——以加拿大专利“承诺实用性规则”变迁为视角
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引用本文:魏 想,胡晓红.专利实用性要求宽松与严苛之博弈与启示——以加拿大专利“承诺实用性规则”变迁为视角[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2019,(5):153-160
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作者单位
魏 想,胡晓红 (南京大学 法学院 南京 210093) 
中文摘要:2017年加拿大最高法院在AstraZeneca案中终止了其判例法所确立的专利“承诺实用性”的发明“实用性”严格判断标准,重新肯认了其《专利法》中的“极微小的实用性”测试要求。这一做法契合了发达国家所一贯遵从的发明专利“实用性”宽松标准,与多数发展中国家专利法所实施的严苛的“实用性”规则不同。为顺应药品等化合物发展的需要,我国在保持发明专利“实用性”严格要求制度模式的基础上,应基于利益平衡理念,对药品专利的“实用性”引入加拿大专利“承诺实用性规则”中的“合理预测”要素。
中文关键词:专利实用性  合理预测  承诺实用性  充分披露
 
Game and Enlightenment of Loose or Strictive Patent Utility Requirements—— From the Perspective of the Change of Canadian Patent Promise Utility Doctrine
Abstract:In 2017, the Supreme Court of Canada in the AstraZeneca case terminated the more stringent utility requirement of patent "promise utility doctrine" established by its case law, and reconfirmed " a mere scintilla utility " test requirements in its Patent Law. This approach conforms to the loose standard of "utility" of invention patents consistently observed by developed countries, which is different from the stringent "utility" rules enforced by most developing countries patent laws. In order to meet the needs of the development of drugs and other chemicals, on the basis of maintaining the model of strict requirements for the "utility" of invention patents, China should introduce the "sound prediction" elements in the "promised utility doctrine” of Canadian patent laws into the "utility" of pharmaceutical patents based on the concept of balance of interests.
keywords:patent utility  sound prediction  promise utility  full disclosure
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