从《儒行》到《儒效》:先秦儒学的发展与转折
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引用本文:刘 丰.从《儒行》到《儒效》:先秦儒学的发展与转折[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2019,(6):14-23
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刘 丰 (中国社会科学院 哲学研究所北京 100732) 
中文摘要:《礼记·儒行》篇和《荀子·儒效》篇都是战国时期儒学对自身的定位和理解的反映,将二者联系起来研究可以看出战国儒学发展的脉络以及转向。《儒行》篇应当属于子张后学的作品。荀子严厉地批评了俗儒、贱儒、小儒,同时提出了大儒理想。相对于《儒行》篇而言,《儒效》篇对儒者的定位与理解已经比《儒行》篇有了极大的提升与飞跃,这在很大程度上也扭转了儒学发展的路径,即更加重视儒学中的政治品性。这一特点深刻地影响了汉代儒学的发展。
中文关键词:儒学  《儒行》  荀子  《儒效》  《礼记》
 
From Ruxing to Ruxiao: the Development and Transition of Pre-qin Confucianism
Abstract:Ruxing(《儒行》) of The Classics of Rites and Ruxiao(《儒效》)of XunZi(《荀子》) are the refhection of the orientation and understanding of Confucianism in the warring states period.Ruxing should belong to the works of successors of Zizhang school. XunZi harshly criticized the vulgar Confucian(俗儒) ,humble Confucian(贱儒) ,meagre Confucian (小儒),at the same time ,he puts forward the ideal of the outstanding Confucian.Compared with Ruxing ,Ruxiao’s positioning and understanding of Confucianism has been better than Ruxing.Ruxiao has largely reversed the development of Confucianism More emphasis is on the political character of Confucianism. This feature has profoundly affected the development of Confucianism in the Han Dynasty.
keywords:Confucianism  Ruxing  XunZi  Ruxiao  the Classics of Rites
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