“诗是经验” ——论里尔克的诗学观
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引用本文:张文初,张 倩.“诗是经验” ——论里尔克的诗学观[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2019,(6):78-84
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作者单位
张文初,张 倩 (湖南师范大学 文学院湖南 长沙 410081) 
中文摘要:里尔克明确指出:诗不是情感;“诗是经验”。里尔克的言说意味着告别传统浪漫主义诗学观和他自己早年诗歌创作的方式。但在这种“告别”中,它又仍然保留了浪漫主义的作者本体论观念。里尔克对超主体心性的“经验”的推崇,与传统再现论有类似之处,但在本质上它不属于“再现”。“经验”的超对象性、超实体性、超概念性可从海德格尔的“存在”范畴上领会;海德格尔对里尔克的激赏也正因此而发。
中文关键词:经验  诗学  里尔克
 
Poetry is Experience:an Understanding of Rilke’s Poetics
Abstract:Rilke declares that poetry is experience. Rilke’s idea is both against traditional romantic poetics and his former way of writing poems. But, Rilke still inherited the author-ontology of romantic poetics. Rilke’s thinking of experience is similar to traditional theory of representation though there are basic differences between them. Through Heidergger’s idea of Sein we can understand Rilke’s experience and for their correspondence we can also get to know why Heidergger praises Rilke’s poem highly.
keywords:experience  poetry  Rilke
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