“浙学”与“阳明学”论纲
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引用本文:吴 光.“浙学”与“阳明学”论纲[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2020,(1):14-20
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作者单位
吴 光 (浙江省社会科学院 哲学研究所浙江 杭州 310025) 
中文摘要:浙学的源头可追溯到古越文化甚至是浙江地域的史前文化。但作为一种有特色的学术形态,浙学应以王充为源,而成型于北宋,兴盛于南宋,发展于明清,转型于近现代。浙学的内涵,有狭义、中义、广义之别。浙学的基本精神可以概括为“民本、求实、批判、兼容、创新”十个字,典型地体现在王充的“实事疾妄”、叶适的“崇义养利”、王阳明的“知行合一”、黄宗羲的“经世应务”、蔡元培的“兼容并包”五个命题中,浙学精神对当代浙江经济、社会、文化发展仍具指导意义。阳明学是明清浙学的主体。阳明心学是以“良知”为本体、“致良知”为根本方法、“知行合一”为实践工夫、明德亲民为政治应用的良知心学,其道德理性、人文关怀、力行实践、多元包容的精神对当代修身立德、齐家立业、治国理政仍有重要启示意义。
中文关键词:浙学内涵  浙学精神  王阳明  良知心学
 
An outline of the “Zhe Philosophical Study” and “Yangming Philosophy”
Abstract:The origin of the Zhe Philosophical Study can be traced back to the Guyue Culture or even the pre historic culture in the region of Zhejiang. However, as a unique academic form, it takes Wang Chong as its founder, which was shaped during the Northern Song Dynasty, and became prosperous during the Southern Song Dynasty, then further developed during Ming and Qing Dynasties until now it is transformed in the contemporary China. The contents of the Zhe Philosophical Study can be distinguished by its specific, and general meanings, as well as any concept in between. The fundamental spirit of Zhe Philosophical Study can be summarized as “people oriented, to seek the truth, be critical, compatible and creative”. It is typically reflected in the 5 concepts of “Truth seeking and criticism of falsehood” by Wang Chong, “advocating both righteousness and interest” by Ye Shi, “integration of knowledge and action” by Wang Yangming, “the management of social and national affairs” by Huang Zongxi, and “tolerance and compatibility” by Cai Yuanpei, which still serves as a guidance in the social, economy and cultural development of Zhejiang. The main body of Zhe Philosophical Study in the Ming and Qing Dynasties is Yangming Study. Yang Ming's philosophy is based on "conscience" as its ontology, and "to achieve conscience" as its fundamental approach, "integration of knowledge and action" as its practical work, and its application of political ethics to its people. The virtue morality, humanistic care, practice, the spirit of pluralism and tolerance still has important enlightenment significance for contemporary self cultivation, moral integrity, and governance of individual families as well as the country.
keywords:connotation of the Zhe Philosophical Study  spirit of the Zhe Philosophical Study  Wang Yang min  Conscience Ontology
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