“一体”训仁与以“公”释仁:二程仁说的比较
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引用本文:朱汉民,李立广.“一体”训仁与以“公”释仁:二程仁说的比较[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2020,(1):29-33
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作者单位
朱汉民,李立广 (湖南大学 岳麓书院湖南 长沙 410082) 
中文摘要:二程共同建立了理学,推动了仁学的本体化。但是二程在“仁”的训释上差异明显,分别以“万物一体”训仁和以“公”释仁。其实二者的差别体现在“仁之本体”与“仁之用”、生命境界与道德实践、体认天理与大公无私几个方面。两种仁说上的差异,与二程兄弟的气质个性与思想境界不同有关。
中文关键词:程颢  程颐  万物一体  以“公”释仁  仁说
 
A Comparison between“Everything as One”and“Public” Interpretation of Benevolence: Er cheng’ Benevolence Theory
Abstract:Although Er cheng jointly established Neo Confucianism, they promoted the ontology of benevolence. However, there are obvious differences in the interpretation of benevolence between the two processes, namely “the unity of all things” and the “public”. The difference between the two can express “the noumenon of benevolence” and “the use of benevolence”, the realm of life and moral practice, and the recognition of heaven and selflessness. The difference between the two kinds of benevolence is related to the different temperament and personality of Er cheng brothers, but these two benevolence theories can be said to have their own advantages and disadvantages.
keywords:Cheng Hao  ChengYi  “everything as one”  with “public” explanation of benevolence  benevolence theory
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