元明两朝辞赋复古之差异
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引用本文:牛海蓉,刘秀秀.元明两朝辞赋复古之差异[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2020,(1):83-88
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牛海蓉,刘秀秀 (湖南大学 中国语言文学学院湖南 长沙 410082) 
中文摘要:元明两代是辞赋史的复古时期,元代提出了“祖骚宗汉”的赋学宗尚,明代以“唐无赋”的提法最为人所熟知。但二者复古的内涵却是有差别的,“祖骚宗汉”确定了以楚骚、汉赋为典范的赋学观念,而“唐无赋”则在“祖骚宗汉”的基础上,把六朝骈赋也纳入宗尚的范围,扩大了复古的内涵。从创作实际来说,元赋除祖骚宗汉之外,由于文学的延续性以及赋家文儒相兼的身份的影响,还有一部分承袭宋朝文赋的作品,成为浦铣“宋、元赋好着议论”的重要依据。明赋则除祖骚宗汉之外,万历以后拟六朝骈赋增多,甚至超过骚体赋,这与当时“文选学”的复兴有一定关系,故“明人赋专尚模范《文选》”。
中文关键词:元朝  明朝  辞赋复古  差异
 
The Differences on Retro of Fu between the Yuan and Ming Dynasties
Abstract:It is a retro era about Fu in the Yuan and Ming Dynasties.Yuan authors set off a Fu thought of “regarding the Sao and Han style Fu as model”,and the most outstanding concept in the Ming Dynasty is “no Fu in Tang”.But their retro thoughts are actually different.“Regarding the Sao and Hanstyle Fu as model”establishes a literary pattern just as it shows,on this basis,Ming authors expand the meaning of retro theory by advocating Parallel Fu in the Six Dynasties.In writing,in addition to “regarding the Sao and Han style Fu as model”,there are still some Yuan Fu works inherited from Prose Fu in the Song Dynasty.It can be due to continuity of literature,and the influence of authors’ identity with writers and the Confucianism at the same time.So Pu Xian concludes that “Song and Yuan Fu are good at discussion”.For Ming Fu,after Wanli Period,there are more and more Parallel Fu works in the Six Dynasties,even exceed Sao style Fu in quantity. This has something to do with “Wenxuan Studies” revival.Therefore, it is said:Ming Fu works concentrate on learning “Wenxuan” seriously.
keywords:Yuan Dynasty  Ming Dynasty  retro of Fu  difference
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