论托妮·莫里森小说的自杀情结
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引用本文:马 艳.论托妮·莫里森小说的自杀情结[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2020,(1):97-103
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作者单位
马 艳 (宁夏大学 外国语学院宁夏 银川 750001) 
中文摘要:自杀这一使身体性状发生改变的行为,在托妮·莫里森的小说中频繁出现。向死而在地探寻生命价值的行为是黑人对奴隶制、种族歧视、社会不公做出的最震撼、最极端的反抗,也隐含了作者在哲学层面上对“死亡”和“存在”的深切思考。文章以《宠儿》《秀拉》《所罗门之歌》三部小说故事发生的时间背景为主线,从自杀视角重现美国黑人历史并解读黑人自杀的原因及意义。
中文关键词:莫里森  死亡  存在  自杀情结
 
A Study on the Suicidal Complex in Toni Morrison's Novels
Abstract:The suicidal behavior, which can change the physical characteristics, occurs frequently in Toni Morrison’s novels. Searching for the value of life from ‘being towards death’ is the most earthshaking and extreme resistance of the black people against slavery, racism, and social injustice, which also implies the author’s reflections on “death” and “being” from the philosophical perspective. Based on the background of the timeline in the three novels of Beloved, Sula, and Song of Solomon, this paper attempts to reproduce the history of African Americans and interpret the reasons and significance of the black people’s suicide from the perspective of suicidal behavior.
keywords:Morrison  death  being  suicidal complex
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