宋代随州大洪山的佛教变迁:以碑刻为中心的考察
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引用本文:陈 曦.宋代随州大洪山的佛教变迁:以碑刻为中心的考察[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2020,(2):19-27
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作者单位
陈 曦 (武汉大学 历史学院湖北 武汉 430072) 
中文摘要:唐宝历二年(826),洪州开元寺僧善信进入随州大洪山,其所建庙宇在唐、五代和北宋三度得到赐额,即“幽济禅院”“奇峰寺”与“灵峰寺”。北宋徽宗朝灵峰寺革律为禅并更名为“保寿禅院”,绍圣元年(1094)曹洞宗传人大洪报恩奉诏住持,开启了两宋之际曹洞宗复兴的历程。在大洪报恩、芙蓉道楷等住持的建设下,保寿禅院虽然经历战乱和禅宗内部的变化,但大洪山一度成为曹洞宗的传法中心,推动了南宋曹洞宗的振兴。南宋后期曹洞宗再度陷入困境,保寿禅院也渐趋衰落。宋代大洪山佛教的兴起与发展,既是宋代曹洞宗由低谷走向繁荣再逐渐衰落的缩影,也揭示了宗教与朝廷、地方政府和地方社会之间的复杂关系。
中文关键词:佛教  随州大洪山  碑刻  宋代
 
Changes in Buddhism in Suizhou Dahong Mountain: Observations Focused on Stone Inscriptions
Abstract:Shanxin, a monk from the Temple of Kaiyuan at Hongzhou, came to Dahong Mountain at Suizhou in 826. The temples built by Shanxin, were bestowed the three titles as ‘Youji Zen Temple’, ‘Qifeng Temple’, and ‘Lingfeng Temple’ from the Tang Dynasty to the Northern Song Dynasty. In the period of Emperor Huizong, Lingfeng Temple was changed from Vinaya to Zen, which caused it to be renamed ‘Baoshou Zen Temple’. According to the imperial edict, Dahong Baoen, the descendant of Caodong Sect, was appointed as the abbot of Baoshou Zen Temple in 1094. This stimulated the renaissance of Caodong Sect between the Northern and Southern Song. While Baoshou Zen Temple experienced war and chaos as well as interior alterations in Zen, with the contributions of several abbots in the Song Dynasty, Dahong Mountain still developed into the propagation centre of Caodong Sect, which had promoted the revitalisation of Caodong Sect during the Southern Song. Caodong Sect was confronted with a predicament again in the late Southern Song, followed by a progressive decline of Baoshou Zen Temple. In the Song Dynasty, the rise and development of Buddhism in the area of Dahong Mountain illustrates the fluctuating trend in the evolution of Caodong Sect in microcosm-from depression to prosperity and then to decay; moreover, it reveals the complex relationships among religion, the royal court, and the local government and society.
keywords:Buddhism  Dahong Mountain  stone Inscriptions  the Song Dynasty
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