作为一种意义建构的阅读史:序跋与《红楼梦》之接受
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引用本文:温 庆 新.作为一种意义建构的阅读史:序跋与《红楼梦》之接受[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2020,(3):97-103
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作者单位
温 庆 新 (扬州大学 文学院江苏 扬州 225002) 
中文摘要:序跋作为《红楼梦》流传的重要“副文本”,促使序跋者承担起文本生产与读者身份的双重角色时形成了一种熟知《红楼梦》创作原委的阅读特权,并予以多角度的文本意义建构,进而对版本、流传及创作倾向进行主动式阅读推介。同时,序跋者试图从自身的经历与处境品悟《红楼梦》文本,以便从中获取一种“主体间性”式精神体验与心境解脱。序跋者突显《红楼梦》意义建构的普遍性诉求,乃至尝试代入文本而凸显品评主体精神活动的能动性行为,构成了清代中后期《红楼梦》阅读史迹的一种独特演进路径。因此,基于阅读史视域探讨《红楼梦》的接受,有助于深化其流布的诸多细节,进而在不同读者群体的阅读选择中挖掘不同读者群体的心理认知,合理定位其“文学感受力”与历史意义。
中文关键词:《红楼梦》  序跋  阅读史  意义建构  文学生产
 
Reading History as a Meaning Construction: The Relationship between Preface and Postscript and the Acceptance of A Dream of Red Mansions
Abstract:Preface and postscript were important subtexts circulating in A Dream of Red Mansions. It promoted the preamble and postscript to form a reading privilege when they assumed the dual roles of text production and readership. This dual role made the preface and postscript emphasize the construction of the meaning system of the text of A Dream of Red Mansions. And it carried out an active reading recommendation for A Dream of Red Mansions. At the same time, the preface and postscript comprehended the text of A Dream of Red Mansions from their own experiences and situations, which in order to obtain a kind of inter-subjective spiritual experience and mood release. The universalization of such reading choices and constructive intentions finally constituted a typical evolutionary path accepted by A Dream of Red Mansions in the middle and late Qing Dynasty. It could be said that exploring the acceptance history of A Dream of Red Mansions based on the perspective of reading history helped to deepen many details of the dissemination of this book. It was also possible to mine the psychological cognition of different reader groups from the reading choices of different reader groups, and reasonably position the literary sensibility and social value of A Dream of Red Mansions.
keywords:A Dream of Red Mansions  preface and postscript  reading history  meaning construction  literary production
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