辛弃疾“沉郁顿挫”词风生成机制考论
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引用本文:沈文凡,徐婉琦.辛弃疾“沉郁顿挫”词风生成机制考论[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2020,(4):92-98
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沈文凡,徐婉琦 (吉林大学 文学院吉林 长春 130012) 
中文摘要:稼轩词直承老杜是缘于其根柢风骚,豪情中怀有深沉,雄放处孕育悲凉,真正继承了唐代杜甫以来“沉郁顿挫”的情感艺术特质。辛弃疾“平生塞北江南”的人生阅历,词苦心危的精神世界,潜气内转和摧刚为柔的情感表现,在现实层面上深化了辛稼轩词“沉郁顿挫”的底蕴内涵。南归北望,“追忆”“梦回”,遥想青年时代北方沙场壮举,浮现“西北”“神州”“长安”镜像,内心涌动深沉绵长的家国情怀等要素,是稼轩词“沉郁顿挫”的形成基础;缅怀追寻,感慨兴亡,架起其沉郁顿挫的情绪支点,辐射出咏史怀古,今昔对比时的悲凉沉郁情韵。稼轩投闲置散,旷逸闲适中,依然存有避世与愤世的矛盾。在由北到南,仕途起落,历史与现实的维度中,辛弃疾的“接受观”“家国观”“古今观”“仕隐观”共同构成了他“沉郁顿挫”词风生成的重要机制。
中文关键词:辛弃疾  沉郁顿挫  生成机制
 
The Formation Mechanism of Xin Qi-ji’s  Profound And Forceful Depression  Style Of Work
Abstract:Xin Qi-ji’s work is very imposing and full of frustration. His literary style directly inherited Du Fu,it is because of his enthusiasm, his deep feelings with his pride and the sadness of his place filled in his work.It truly inherited the emotional and artistic qualities of  Profound And Forceful Depression  Style since Du Fu in the Tang Dynasty. The life experience of  Sailing in the North and South in the Middle of the Life  is a spiritual world that is painful.Destructiveness is the emotional expression of softness and latent inversion, which deepens the connotation of Xin Jia-xuan's poem sullen and frustrated in reality.The experience from north to south, recalling and dreaming back to youth,  thinking of the feats of the northern battlefield in youth, the mirror image of  Northwest,Shenzhou and Chang'an  emerged, which formed the basis of Xin Jia-xuan’s work style.Nostalgic pursuit, emotional rise and fall, set up his sad and frustrated emotional fulcrum, radiating the sad and gloomy sentiments of the past and present.When he was laid off,there is still a contradiction between avoiding the world and indignation. In the dimensions of north to south, official career ups and downs, history and reality, Xin Qi-ji's  acceptance view,home country view,ancient and modern view,  and  hidden view  together constituted an important mechanism for his  profound and forceful depression  style of work.
keywords:Xin Qi-ji  profound and forceful depression  formation mechanism
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