论中国创世神话的特征和演变方式
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引用本文:罗筠筠,李洁琼.论中国创世神话的特征和演变方式[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2020,(5):92-102
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罗筠筠,李洁琼 (中山大学 哲学系广东 广州 510275) 
中文摘要:神话是人类早期精神文明的结晶,而“创世”是神话学的核心问题。对中国创世神话的原始资料进行研究、梳理可以看到:中国虽然有着丰厚的创世神话,但内容保存零散,多以视觉性叙事的形式展开,并且在多文化系统互融的过程中形成,这些特征是造成西方早期神话学忽视中国创世神话的重要原因。而事实上,创世神话在中国先后经历了并正在经历着特殊的,具备显著民族特色的神话历史化、神话哲学化、神话世俗化和神话艺术化演变。这四种演变方式是中国创世神话在本民族文化语境下存在和发展的独特形式。
中文关键词:创世神话  中国文化  历史化  哲学化  世俗化  艺术化
 
On the Characteristics and Evolution of the Chinese Creation Mythology
Abstract:Myth is a crystallization of human’s civilization in the early society, and the issue of creation plays an essential role in mythology. By studying and categorizing the original sources and the evolution progress of Chinese creation myths, we can see that: there were ample creation myths in Chinese history; however, since Chinese creation mythology, as a fusion of multi-culture, remained scattered with its visual narratives, the Western world used to ignore it. In fact, the creation mythology in China has experienced and is experiencing the evolutions of historicization, philosophization, secularization and ratification, which are distinctive from other mythologies and are nationally characterized.
keywords:creation myths  Chinese culture  historicization  philosophization  secularization  ratification
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