建筑的道德记忆承载功能
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引用本文:易学尧1,向玉乔2.建筑的道德记忆承载功能[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2020,(5):103-110
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易学尧1,向玉乔2 (1.长沙理工大学 建筑学院,湖南 长沙 4100762.湖南师范大学 道德文化研究中心,湖南 长沙 410081) 
中文摘要:作为一种实用艺术,建筑能够通过建筑空间与相关主体自身背景的共鸣,给予相关主体丰富而深刻的艺术审美感受。在建筑审美中,个人的道德记忆起到了重要作用。建筑承载的道德记忆最初来自于特定个体,但通过时间的积累沉淀,它最终会提升为一种集体道德记忆。建筑具有传承性特征,并且具有传承道德记忆的能力。人类的建筑审美活动高度依赖其自身的建筑道德记忆,承载道德记忆的建筑大都具有历史和道德教育作用。从道德记忆理论的视角来看,现代建筑使建筑本身承载人类道德记忆的功能被严重弱化,甚至对建筑的道德记忆承载功能起着严重的破坏作用。当代建筑师既应该向人类的建筑道德记忆学习,也应该给子孙后代留下有价值的建筑道德记忆。
中文关键词:道德记忆  建筑道德记忆  现代建筑
 
The Moral Memory Bearing Functions of Architecture
Abstract:Architecture is a kind of practical art, which can give the subject rich aesthetic feeling through the resonance of architectural space and the subject's own background. Personal moral memory plays an important role in architectural aesthetics. Architectural moral memory initially comes from a specific individual, but through the accumulation of time, it will eventually become a collective moral memory. Architecture has the characteristic of inheritance and the ability of inheriting moral memory. The architectural aesthetic activities of human beings highly depend on their own architectural moral memory. Most of the buildings bearing moral memory have the function of historical and moral education. From the perspective of moral memory theory, modern architecture has weakened the function of bearing human moral memory, and even destroyed the function of building moral memory. Contemporary architects should not only learn from human architectural moral memory, but also leave valuable architectural moral memory for future generations.
keywords:moral memory  architectural moral memory  modern architecture
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