“巧”在文道并进——吕祖谦重建文统的旨趣
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引用本文:朱汉民,徐艳兰.“巧”在文道并进——吕祖谦重建文统的旨趣[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2020,(6):15-22
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作者单位
朱汉民,徐艳兰 (湖南大学 岳麓书院湖南 长沙 410082) 
中文摘要:朱熹用“东莱之弊尽在于巧”,批评吕祖谦之学问“投机取巧”。学界关于“巧”具体何指,聚讼纷争,且莫衷一是。回归具体历史语境,吕祖谦之“巧妙”,主要在于其文章工夫,表现在其对文道并进的重视与修辞技法的推崇。此种“巧妙”的文章工夫,彰显了吕祖谦重建文统的旨趣:为了实现文以传道、文以经世,他建构了以修辞技法为门户,以文道并进为堂奥,以经世致用为旨归的宋学之文统。
中文关键词:吕祖谦  朱熹  斯文  文章工夫
 
Skillfully Advancing in Literure and Taoism——Lv Zu-qian’s Purpose in Rebuilding Cultural Heritage
Abstract:Zhu Xi used Donglai’s evil lies in ingenuity and criticized Lv Zu-qian’s knowledge of opportunity. The academic circles have a lot of disputes about what smart means. Returning to the specific historical context, Lv Zu-qian’s intelligence lies mainly in his writing skills, which is manifested in his attention to the simultaneous development of literature and Taoism and admiration of rhetoric techniques. This kind of ingenious writing skill demonstrates Lv Zu-qian’s interest in rebuilding cultural heritage: In order to realize the preaching of literature and the use of literature, he constructed a rhetorical technique as the gateway, the parallel development of literature and Tao, and the application of classics. It is the literary tradition of Song Xue.
keywords:Lv Zu-qian  Zhu Xi  revitalizing literature  article skills
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