明代书院与历史教育
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引用本文:邓洪波,宗 尧.明代书院与历史教育[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2020,(6):23-29
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作者单位
邓洪波,宗 尧 (湖南大学 岳麓书院湖南 长沙 410082) 
中文摘要:明代时,历史教育在书院中占有重要地位,就内容而言,主要以“五经”和通鉴类、纲目体史书为主;就方式而言,自学、引导和督查应相结合,在学习中着重强调力所能及和由主到次,依托讲会是其在形式上一大特色。由于王、湛之学在明中后期有着广泛传播,故书院的历史教育也被深深地打上了心学烙印。从总体上看,科举与理学始终是明代书院历史教育围绕的中心。
中文关键词:历史教育  明代书院  科举  讲会
 
Academies and History Education in the Ming Dynasty
Abstract:History education occupied an important position in the Academy of the Ming Dynasty. In terms of content, the history education of the Ming Dynasty Academy is mainly based on the five classics, all kinds of history books concerning Tong Jian and Gang Mu.In terms of the way, it mainly integrated self-learning, guidance and supervision,it also emphasised that the learning content should be adapted to the student's ability and the order of the importance of learning content ,as the lectures were prosperous in the Ming Dynasty academies for the lectures on the history education became a bright spot. In addition, in the case that the learning of Wang Yangming and Zhan Ruo-shui was widely disseminated, the history education in the Ming Dynasty Academy had also been deeply marked on the brand of philosophy of Xin Xue.On the whole, the Imperial Examinations and Neo-Confucianism had always been the centers of history education in the Ming Dynasty Academy.
keywords:history education  academy of the Ming Dynasty  imperial examination  lectures
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