作为阶级反话语的美国南方穷白人“粗悍文学”
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引用本文:李 杨1,于 诚1,李英华2.作为阶级反话语的美国南方穷白人“粗悍文学”[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2020,(6):92-98
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作者单位
李 杨1,于 诚1,李英华2 (1.同济大学 外国语学院上海 2000922.山东大学 外国语学院山东 济南 250100) 
中文摘要:20世纪80代以来,美国南方“粗悍文学”崛起,重塑穷白人在南方的社会、历史定位,置换其被旧南方主导话语规训的他者身份;诉说其冷峻灰暗的乡村生活及向城而生的人生抉择,拆穿留恋农业社会,忌惮工业文明的田园叙事;打造其多维、人性化形象,消解模式化形象对人们贬低、歧视穷白人的认知归导;形成了对抗、解构上层社会“南方神话”的劳动阶级反话语,助力穷白人摆脱边缘、弱势地位,推动南方文坛权力格局演变及文学视角的大众转向。
中文关键词:粗悍文学  穷白人  阶级  反话语  权力
 
Grit Lit by Poor Whites in the American South as a Class Counter-Discourse
Abstract:Grit Lit in American South, rising since the 1980s, redefines the poor whites’ identity to change their social and historical position as others disciplined by the mainstream discourse in the Old South; it their miserable rural life and their choice to strive for a living in cities to dismantle the idyllic narrative nostalgic of agrarian society and rejective of industrial civilization; constructs multi-dimensional and humanized poor-white images to repudiate the discriminatory cognitive guidance on stereotyping the poor whites, thus developing a counter-discourse of the working class, which collides head-on with and deconstructs the aristocratic Southern Myth, altering the marginalized and underprivileged position of the poor whites, and boosting the transition of southern literature to a poor-folk perspective.
keywords:Grit Lit  poor whites  class  counter-discourse  power
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