阿旃陀石窟壁画中的说一切有部思想
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引用本文:梁 燕.阿旃陀石窟壁画中的说一切有部思想[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2021,(1):125-130
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作者单位
梁 燕 (华东师范大学 美术学院上海 200241) 
中文摘要:阿旃陀石窟所在的西印度地区流行小乘说一切有部戒律,阿旃陀壁画很明显地体现出说一切有部的影响:小乘佛教不礼菩萨,说一切有部更是重视表现释迦牟尼的前世经历,这些表现佛陀累世修行的佛本生故事构成了阿旃陀壁画最主要的表现题材;从这些本生故事的文本来源看,约半数可以与说一切有部的律典对应,尤其是如大善见王本生、独角仙人本生壁画,描绘出了说一切有部律典特有的细节特征;从阿旃陀壁画的表现主旨来看,也很明显地表现出说一切有部重视因缘果报、主张禅修持戒等思想倾向。
中文关键词:阿旃陀壁画  本生故事  说一切有部  因缘果报  禅修持戒
 
The Theory of Sarvāstivādin in Ajantā Murals
Abstract:In the West India where the Ajantā caves are located, the hīnayāna theory of Sarvāstivādin is popular, and the murals of Ajantā clearly reflect the influence of Sarvāstivādin: Hīnayāna Buddhism does not worship Bodhisattva, and Sarvāstivādin lays emphasis on the expression of Sākyamuni's past and present experiences, and all the stories of Jātaka are the main content of the murals of Ajantā. From the text sources of the Jātaka, about half of them can correspond to the classics of Sarvāstivādin. In particular, Mahasudassana Jātaka and Eka-srnga Jātaka murals depict the specific characteristics of classics of Sarvāstivādin. From the performance of many murals in Ajanta, it also reflects the ideological tendency of Sarvāstivāda that pays attention to Karma and Vinaya.
keywords:Ajantā Murals  Jātaka  Sarvāstivādin  Karma  Vinaya
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