近代中国经济落后的根源——基于传统经济变迁视角的考察
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引用本文:龙登高1,丁春燕1,马 芳2.近代中国经济落后的根源——基于传统经济变迁视角的考察[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2021,(2):37-44
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龙登高1,丁春燕1,马 芳2 (1.清华大学 社会科学学院北京 100084 2.北方民族大学 马克思主义学院宁夏回族自治区,银川 750021 ) 
中文摘要:近代中国长期的贫穷落后,被归咎于中国传统经济、制度与文化未能像英国一样催生工业革命,且不适应市场经济与现代化,从而阻碍着其进程。然而,英国原发性的工业革命,是在对其传统制度革命的基础上历经长期动荡中产生的,而其他国家则都通过学习与模仿英国而走向工业化与现代化。19世纪~20世纪,中国经济转型始终举步维艰,又强化了主流思潮对传统制度与文化的怀疑与否定。从全球视野和历史演进的角度看,近代中国落后挨打,问题的症结并非传统制度与文化,其直接原因在于大规模战乱导致经济长期负增长,打断并扭转了中国市场经济发展的轨道和方向。
中文关键词:近代中国  贫穷落后  传统经济
 
The Origin of Modern China’s Economic Backwardness——An Investigation based on the Perspective of Traditional Economic Change
Abstract:Due to the long-term backwardness of modern China, the mainstream thought in the 20th century was almost attributed to the traditional Chinese system and culture, and regarded it as the root of backwardness, such as the mismatch of resources caused by private property rights, economic disorder caused by the market, traditional culture and modernization Incompatible, even Chinese characters should be abolished. All this perceptual knowledge and political passion have led to long-term misunderstandings and system trial and error. This paper makes a systematic discussion on the basis of comprehensive reflection. The failure to produce the industrial revolution primarily does not mean that the traditional Chinese economy lacks vitality.The countries other than the UK have succeeded in industrialization only through learning. The main reason for the backwardness of the modern economy has been ignored, that is, large-scale wars have led to long-term negative economic growth; the second is the failure of economic transformation to cause turmoil and chaos; the fragmentation of the unified big market has lost the original advantages and replaced it with market fear.
keywords:modern China  economic backwardness  traditional economy
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