名实分离:城市社区“三社联动”的执行偏差——基于10个典型社区的多案例分析
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引用本文:颜克高,唐 婷.名实分离:城市社区“三社联动”的执行偏差——基于10个典型社区的多案例分析[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2021,(2):69-77
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颜克高,唐 婷 (湖南大学 公共管理学院湖南 长沙 410082) 
中文摘要:“三社联动”作为提升城市社区治理效能的重要举措得到普遍推广,但其实施效果不甚理想。基于政策执行偏差的整合性分析框架,结合东、中、西部地区10个典型社区的实地调研资料,本研究发现:“三社联动”的政策执行普遍存在曲解联动、替换联动、形式联动及抗拒联动等偏差行为,形成了“三社联动”的名实分离现象,而联动主体的能力限制与利益冲突、专项政策缺失与政策碎片化、经费短缺与人力瓶颈,以及复杂多元的政策执行环境等则是执行偏差的背后成因。
中文关键词:社区治理  基层治理  “三社联动”  政策执行偏差
 
Separation of the Nominal and Real:Implementation Deviation of the Three Cooperatives' Linkage Mode in Urban Communities——Based on the Analysis of Ten Typical Communities
Abstract:As an important measure to improve the efficiency of urban community governance, the cooperation mode of the community ,social organizations and social workers has been widely promoted, but its implementation effect is not ideal. Based on the integrated analysis framework of policy implementation deviation, combined with the field survey data of the three cooperatives' linkage mode in 10 typical communities in the East, central and western regions, it is found that in the process of policy implementation, the mode generally has the phenomenon of name reality separation, such as resistance linkage, replacement linkage, mechanical linkage, surface linkage and misinterpretation linkage, while the capacity limit and interest conflict of the linkage subject , lack of special policies and fragmentation of policies, shortage of funds and bottleneck of human resources, as well as complex and diversified policy implementation environment ,leads to the formation of implementation deviation.
keywords:community governance  grass-roots governance  the three cooperatives' linkage mode  policy implementation deviation
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