从《礼记·大学》篇论王闿运的天子之学
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引用本文:张 鑫 洁.从《礼记·大学》篇论王闿运的天子之学[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2021,(3):24-31
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张 鑫 洁 (湖南大学 岳麓书院湖南 长沙 410082) 
中文摘要:《礼记·大学》为“天子之学”,是王闿运对《礼记·大学》篇下的结论。天子之学,以修身为本。王闿运在《礼记·大学》篇中对天子修身之学的阐释,围绕修身定义、修身之法、修身目的展开。“修身”即“明明德止于至善”,只有“止于至善”的“明明德”,方可称为“修身”。修身始于格物,是以经世为基本认知的修身之法。天子重修身,目的在于经世之用。求贤化民与散财聚民,是天子“亲民”之治的关键。王闿运的天子之学,是在尊重天子性情差异的基础上,以经世致用为目的,政学一体的修身之学。
中文关键词:王闿运  天子之学  修身
 
On Wang Kaiyun's Doctrines of Monarch——An investigation on Book of Rites-Daxue
Abstract:The Daxue is "the study of the emperor", which is Wang Kaiyun's evaluation on Book of Rites——xue . The study of the emperor is based on self-cultivation. The interpretation of an emperor's self-cultivation from Daxue is explained through three aspects: the definition of self-cultivation, the methods of self-cultivation, and the purpose of self-cultivation. "Self-cultivation" means "Ming- ming-de until Striving for perfection." Only the "Ming- ming-de " which "reaches the highest level" can be called "self-cultivation". Self-cultivation begins with Ge-wu, which is the method of self-cultivation based on the basic cognition of putting what is learned into governing state affairs. The emperor emphasizes self-cultivation for the purpose of putting what is learned into govering state affairs. The key to the rule of the emperor's "Qin-min" is seeking wise people and dispersing wealth to gather people. On the premise of respecting the differences of the emperor's temperament, Wang Kaiyun's doctrines of monarch is the study of emperor’s self-cultivation aiming at being practical and emphasizing the combination of politics and self-cultivation.
keywords:Wang Kaiyun  Doctrines of Monarch  self-cultivation
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