软性话语抗争:青少年公共参与中的网络语言使用研究
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引用本文:郑 欣,孙天梦.软性话语抗争:青少年公共参与中的网络语言使用研究[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2021,(3):140-147
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郑 欣,孙天梦 (南京大学 新闻传播学院江苏 南京 210093) 
中文摘要:在中国互联网的舆论环境中,青少年在公共参与时经常使用流行的网络语言来表达自己的态度和立场。本研究选取“95后”“00后”的青少年作为研究对象,对其在公共参与中,通过网络语言的使用、传播与扩散,进行话语抗争的过程进行了分析。研究发现,青少年在公共参与中使用网络语言进行的话语抗争,是一种软性话语抗争。它是在青少年个体的表演、群体的围观、整体的惯性中逐渐形成、扩散和被“包装”的,具有底层性、弱者武器性质的一种日常软性话语抗争。它开始于话语,也往往止步于话语,而不是像“传统”的社会运动和集体行动中,话语作为抗争的可调用工具或文化要素,或者作为一种延伸。青少年的这种软性话语抗争,从语言角度投射了中国青少年在公共参与语境中的复杂处境。
中文关键词:话语抗争  公共参与  网络语言  青少年
 
A Study on the Use of Internet Language in Public Participation of Adolescents:Soft Discourse Resistance
Abstract:In the public opinion environment of the Chinese Internet, adolescents often use popular internet language to express their attitudes and positions in public participation. This study chooses "post-95s" and "post-00s" adolescents as research objects, and analyses the process of discourse resistance through the use, dissemination, and diffusion of internet language in public participation. The study finds that adolescents' discourse resistance using internet language in public participation is a kind of soft discourse resistance. It is a kind of daily soft discourse protest, which is formed, spread, and "packaged" in the young people's individual performance, the crowd's gather and watch, and the overall inertia. It has the nature of the bottom of society and the weapons of the weak. It begins and often stops at discourse, rather than using discourse as a tool or cultural element of resistance, or as an extension in social movements and collective action as in the traditional way. This kind of soft discourse struggle of Chinese adolescents reflects their complex situation in the special political context from the perspective of language.
keywords:discourse resistance  public participation  internet language  adolescents
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