宋翔凤《论语说义》的特色与公羊学解经的新发展
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引用本文:张天杰.宋翔凤《论语说义》的特色与公羊学解经的新发展[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2021,(4):26-34
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作者单位
张天杰 (杭州师范大学 公共管理学院杭州 浙江 311121) 
中文摘要:清代常州今文学家宋翔凤先著有《论语纂言》,后又“别录私说”为《论语说义》,从传统考据学转出,发挥孔子微言大义并形成系统的士大夫之学;以《春秋公羊传》贯通《论语》而阐发“性与天道”之说,又以《周易》《老子》会通《论语》并推论孔、老同源于《归藏》之《易》。宋翔凤之群经互证与焦循等人将《论语》《孟子》与《周易》互证有所类似,但独特的《论语》与《老子》互证则走得更远,故《论语说义》虽有穿凿附会之嫌却也体现了《论语》文本的开放性以及公羊学解经的新发展。
中文关键词:宋翔凤  常州学派  《论语说义》  《春秋公羊传》
 
The Characteristics of LunYuShuoYi Written by Song Xiangfeng and New Development of the Method for Expounding the Classics by ChunQiuGongYangZhuan
Abstract:Song Xiangfeng, one of the scholars who studied the new text confucianism from Changzhou in the Qing Dynasty, first wrote LunYuZuanYan, and then wrote LunYuShouYi. He gave up the traditional textual research method, gave full play to Confucius' sublime words with deep meanings, and formed a system of scholar official cultivation theory. Combining LunYu with ChunQiuGongYangZhuan, he expounded the theory of human nature and truth. Combining ZhouYi, LaoZi with the Analects of Confucius, he concluded that the thoughts of Confucius and Laozi originated from the GuiCang. Song Xiangfeng's method of mutual proofs for various classics is similar to Jiao Xun's mutual proofs for LunYu,MengZi and ZhouYi. However, the unique mutual proofs of LunYu and LaoZi are more novel. Although they have the far fetched shortcomings, they reflect the openness of the text of LunYu and the new development of the method for expounding the classics by ChunQiuGongYangZhuan.
keywords:Song Xiangfeng  the school of Changzhou  LunYuShuoYi  ChunQiu GongyangZhuan
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