尹焞对《论语》和《孟子》的诠释及其对洛学的笃守式继承
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引用本文:张建坤.尹焞对《论语》和《孟子》的诠释及其对洛学的笃守式继承[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2021,(4):41-48
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作者单位
张建坤 (湖南大学 岳麓书院湖南 长沙 410082) 
中文摘要:在程门高足相继谢世,洛学无所折衷,复遭怀疑、歪曲与批评的两宋之际,尹焞以笃守师说为自任,使洛学的传承和传播得以保持其原初样貌,居功至伟。但尹焞的思想学术特色并非“笃守师说”即可论定,其对《论语》和《孟子》的诠释还蕴含着反对解经新奇、力求注解简当的整体原则,争取洛学社会政治地位、维护洛学纯正性的现实意图,广泛摄收汉唐旧注、宋儒新解的包容特点,推阐强化洛学思想命题、价值取向的学术旨趣。不过,他对“主敬”工夫论的发明,语焉而未详,流露出“心学化”的思想倾向。
中文关键词:尹焞  洛学  《论语》  《孟子》
 
Yin Tun's Interpretation of The Analects  and Mencius and his Devout Inheritance of Luo Xue
Abstract:In the Northern to early Southern Song Dynasty, when the disciples of the Cheng school were dying one after another and〖HT5"〗 〖HT5〗Luo Xue(洛学) was subjected to suspicion, distortion and criticism, Yin Tun played an important role in keeping Luo Xue in its original form of transmission and dissemination by adhering to the learning of his teachers. However, Yin's ideological and scholarly characteristics were not defined by his adherence to the learning of the master, nor were his interpretation of the Analects and the Mencius, which implied the overall principle of opposing the novelty of classic interpretation and striving for concise exegesis, the realistic intention of fighting for the socio political status of Luo Xue and maintaining the purity of Luo Xue, the inclusive character of taking in the old commentaries of Han and Tang and the new interpretations of Song Confucianism, and the scholarly aim of strengthening the ideological propositions and values of Luo Xue. However, he didn't elaborate on the invention of the Zhu Jing(主敬) Kung Fu(工夫) theory, which reveals a tendency towards the "Xin Xue"(心学) ideology.
keywords:Yin Tun  Luo Xue  The Analects  Mencius
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