叙事有序如何可能——何心隐道统叙事的先验法则
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引用本文:童伟.叙事有序如何可能——何心隐道统叙事的先验法则[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2021,(4):92-98
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作者单位
童伟 (扬州大学 文学院江苏 扬州 225002) 
中文摘要:在对儒家正统思想脉络的道统叙事中,“数”确保叙事有序,它内在于“事”的展开变化,也显现于承祧道统的次第。明代泰州学派学者何心隐的道统叙事吸收南宋理学大儒蔡沈的范数易学,“数”是人的在世体验进入叙事所遵循的先验形式法则,也是哲学意义上对一切演变的量化表达图式。“数”分“奇”“偶”:《周易》象偶,以“二”为进阶表示稳定性和对立转化,在对立稳定中蕴含隐蔽的关联;《洪范》数奇,代表变化的绝对性和渐进性,故而连续不断的变化以“三”为进阶。叙事之所以有序,依赖于“数”在奇偶交错阵列中推进,其中太极数“九”、皇极数“五”象喻连贯叙事的价值极点或转捩点。“数”中包孕“史”或“事”渐变发展之理,契合“经”中之理“仁”,是明代经史合一的重要中介范畴。
中文关键词:道统叙事  次序  “数”  经史合一  何心隐
 
How Could Narrative Order be Possible ——HE Xinyin's Transcendental Law of Confucian Narrative
Abstract:In the narrative of Confucian orthodoxy, the Shu guaranteed the order of narration, which embodied in the evolution of the Shi and also embodied in the inheriting of the body of transmitted orthodox teachings. The Confucian narrative of HE Xinyin, a scholar of Taizhou School in the Ming Dynasty, absorbed the Norm Yi Theory of CAI Chen, a great Confucian of Neo Confucianism in the Southern Song Dynasty. Shu was the transcendental formal rule that human experience in the world followed to enter the narrative world, and from the philosophical point of view,it was also the quantitative expression schema of all evolution. Shu could be divided into Ji and Ou. Ou in the Book of Changes indicated an image of even, which took two as an advanced step to represent stability and transformation of opposites, and contained hidden correlation in the stability of opposites. The Ji indicating odd number in Hong Fan represented the absoluteness and graduality of change, so the continuous change took Three as the progressive step. The order of the narrative depended on the Shu advancing in an Ji Ou staggered array, in which the Tai Ji number Nine and the Huang Ji number Five resembled the value pole or turning point of the coherent narrative. It could be said that the Shu contained the principle of gradual development of History or Matter, which corresponded to the principle of Benevolence in Classics, and was an important intermediary category of the integration of Confucian classics and history in the Ming Dynasty.
keywords:confucian narrative  order  "Shu"  integration of classics and history  HE Xinyin
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