中国式城市化
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引用本文:刘 霞 辉1,2.中国式城市化[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2021,(5):34-49
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刘 霞 辉1,2 (1.中国社会科学院 经济研究所北京 1008362.中国社会科学院大学 经济学院北京 102488) 
中文摘要:中国式城市化表现为以下几个特征:一是从下而上和自上而下结合的城市化,即由市场起主导作用的工商业城市发展和以政府为主导的行政等级城市发展共同推进;二是政府高负债的城市化;三是非均衡的城市化,即造城快于人的进城的城市化;四是城市现代服务业有待充分发育的城市化,表现为城市服务业发展受约束,劳动生产率低。形成该特征基于三个逻辑:一是土地权力的集中使用,二是激励相容的房地产市场,三是城市集聚功能弱。为中国城市发展可持续计,未来城市化应立足于提升城市集聚能力,提高服务业劳动生产率,降低政府对城市化的过度干预并使城市真正成为普通百姓的家园。
中文关键词:中国式城市化  非均衡发展  土地财政
 
Chinese Urbanization
Abstract:The characteristics of Chinese-style urbanization are as follows: First, urbanization combines bottom-up and top-down, that is, the development of industrial and commercial cities is led by market and that of administrative level cities led by government. Second, the urbanization is with high government debt. The third is the unbalanced urbanization, that is, the urbanization that builds cities faster than people who enter cities. Fourth, the urban modern service industry needs to be fully developed, showing that the development of urban service industry is constrained and the labor productivity is low. This characteristic is based on three logics: first, the centralized use of land power. second, the real estate market with incentive compatibility. third, the weak function of urban agglomeration.In order to achieve sustainable urban development in China, future urbanization should be based on improving urban agglomeration capacity, improving labor productivity of service industry, reducing excessive government intervention in urbanization and making cities truly the homes of ordinary people. 
keywords:Chinese urbanization  unbalanced development  land finance
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