用中国方式书写“无数的心事”——论李洱小说《应物兄》的叙述模式
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引用本文:刘 宏 志.用中国方式书写“无数的心事”——论李洱小说《应物兄》的叙述模式[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2021,(5):102-109
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作者单位
刘 宏 志 (郑州大学 文学院河南 郑州 450001) 
中文摘要:《应物兄》在叙事上有很多富有意义的探索,它围绕一个叙事主线展开且叙事视角单一,却能借助人物的思绪、谈话及种种链接方法,形成一个驳杂丰富的文本。《应物兄》有意设置了叙述者和叙事视角的分离,用故事内人物应物兄的视角引发故事,再以超故事叙述者来解说故事,有效地规避了文本的零碎化。《应物兄》中每一节的标题设置富有深意,不仅是向《论语》的致敬,而且将整个叙事分解为众多独立的小故事,既让小说主题与诸多故事取得紧密关联,也同时让这些小故事兼有了以小见大的叙事效果。
中文关键词:李洱  《应物兄》  非线性叙事  叙事视角  叙述者  标题
 
Countless Thoughts' in Chinese Style—— On the Narrative Mode of Li Er's Novel: Brother Yingwu
Abstract:Brother Yingwu is a very important contemporary Chinese novel that has a lot of meaningful explorations in narrative.Brother Yingwu is a single-line narrative novel, but it can form a complex and rich text with the help of the characters' thoughts, conversations and various linking methods.It intentionally sets up the separation of the narrator and narrative perspective, initiates the story from the perspective of Brother Yingwu, a character in the story, and then interprets the story by the narrator outside the story, effectively avoiding the fragmentation of the text. In Brother Yingwu, the set of the title of the each section has a deep meaning, which is not only a tribute to the Analets of Confucius, but also divides the whole narrative into many independent stories. Upon employing this device, the theme of the novel is closely connected to other stories, meanwhile, the stories gained the narrative effect of viewing the big story from the small.
keywords:Li Er  Brother Yingwu  nonlinear narrative  narrative perspective  the narrator  the title
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