吴澄对《礼记·玉藻》篇的改编及其意义辨析
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引用本文:王 启 发.吴澄对《礼记·玉藻》篇的改编及其意义辨析[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2021,(5):110-121
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作者单位
王 启 发 (中国社会科学院 古代史研究所北京 100101) 
中文摘要:元代吴澄《礼记纂言》对传世小戴《礼记》中的十九篇有所改编,其中包括《玉藻》篇。吴澄将原本《玉藻》篇的章句段落以七个方面来归类,并按照具体的解读在开篇部分之后就将原本的段句章次顺序做了调整和改编,由此形成了一个不同的篇章结构。这些调整本身的逻辑依据,既有对东汉郑玄《礼记注》和唐代孔颖达《礼记正义》疏文,以及宋代学者的解说当中的相关发现和提示而加以参照与借鉴的地方,也有吴澄自己切合原文的解读而发前人之所未发的创见之处。通过相应的对比考察和解读分析,可以比较清晰地看到吴澄所进行的具体调整和改编的通观性、合理性及合逻辑性。吴澄所做的调整和改编,也堪称是《礼记》章句之学的一个重要文本,对于认识和理解《礼记·玉藻》篇的礼学价值无疑有着独特的经学史意义。
中文关键词:吴澄  礼记纂言  玉藻篇  郑玄  孔颖达
 
The Implications of Yuan Scholar Wu Cheng’s Revision of “Yu zao” Chapter in Liji
Abstract:Liji Zuanyan was written by Wu Cheng in the Yuan Dynasty, among which 19 chapters of Liji originally written by Dai Sheng in the Han Dynasty were revised, including “Yu zao” Chapter. Wu Cheng classified all the sentences and paragraphs orders in 7 categories, and he adjusted and revised the orders of the sentences and paragraphs from the beginning of “Yu zao” Chapter based on his own interpretations, consequently formed its own logic order. Wu’s revision and classification included not only a reference toLiji Zhu annotated by Zheng Xuan in the Han Dynasty, Liji zhengyi elaborated by Kong Yingda in the Tang Dynasty, and related discoveries and hints explained by the scholars of the Song Dynasty, but also his unprecedented interpretations in accordance with the original texts. By comparison and study, it is easy to disclose the comprehension, rationality, and logic of his adjustment and revision. Wu’s revision is an outstanding text to the commentary of Liji, which has important implications to the history of Chinese classical studies for recognizing and understanding the value of “Yu zao” Chapter in Ritual studies.
keywords:Wu Cheng  Liji Zuanyan  “Yu zao” Chapter  Zheng Xuan  Kong Yingda
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