检察机关提起环境民事公益诉讼之诉讼请求研究
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引用本文:李爱年1,张小丽1,张小宝2.检察机关提起环境民事公益诉讼之诉讼请求研究[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2021,(5):145-152
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李爱年1,张小丽1,张小宝2 (1.湖南师范大学 法学院湖南 长沙 4100812.常德市检察院湖南 常德 415000) 
中文摘要:检察机关在环境民事公益诉讼中如何设置诉讼请求,关乎诉讼目的的实现及监督的精准度。从司法实践来看,检察机关提起的诉讼请求虽然取得了一定的执行效果,但仍然存在预防性诉讼请求作用发挥难、赔偿性诉讼请求不明确、恢复性请求实现困难及赔礼道歉惩戒作用弱等现象。因此,在注重科学设置并完善诉讼请求的基础上,可通过加强审查力度、设立环保基金专用账户、完善专家辅助人、优化磋商及执行和解制度,以及健全立法和司法解释的方式,保障诉讼请求的顺利实现。
中文关键词:环境民事公益诉讼  检察机关  诉讼请求  公共利益
 
Research on the Claim of Civil Environmental Public Interest Litigation Filed by Procuratorial Organs
Abstract:Procuratorial organs in civil environmental public interest litigation in how to set up the claims, is the realization of the purpose of litigation and supervision precision. From the perspective of judicial practice, although the litigation claims filed by procuratorial organs have achieved certain implementation effect, there are still some phenomena such as difficulty in playing the role of preventive litigation claims, unclear compensatory litigation claims, difficulty in achieving restorative claims and weak disciplinary role of apology. Therefore, on the basis of paying attention to the scientific setting and improvement of litigation claims, we should ensure the smooth realization of litigation claims by strengthening review, establishing special accounts for environmental protection funds, improving expert assistants, optimizing consultation and execution reconciliation system and improving legislation and judicial interpretation.
keywords:civil environmental public interest litigation  procuratorial organs  claim  public interest
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