晚明党争视阈下的高攀龙文学
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引用本文:渠 嵩 烽.晚明党争视阈下的高攀龙文学[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2021,(6):105-112
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作者单位
渠 嵩 烽 (上海大学 中国语言文学院上海 200435) 
中文摘要:高攀龙是晚明政治家、思想家、文学家,东林学派领袖。晚明党争视阈下的高攀龙文学呈现多面复杂的情形。高诗以效陶为主,清真雅正是其主要特征。高攀龙在陷入党争而遭贬谪、罢官、削籍乃至在东林书院被毁的情形之下,其诗歌创作依旧基本保持原有诗风。而作于万历年间的记事文章则呈现剽悍激愤之风,与其多数文章的中正典雅之风全然不类。高攀龙逝后,门人陈龙正整理其遗稿并于崇祯五年编刻《高子遗书》时,有意将此类文章删汰不选,以维护老师粹然如一的理学醇儒形象。高攀龙作于天启年间的尺牍,流露出愤懑、悔恨、无奈、宿命乃至绝望的复杂思想。这不仅与其以往尺牍中自信从容的道学气象不符,而且与其反复申诫的理学观念中的“无事”思想相悖,由此体现了身陷党争中的高攀龙理学与文学的背离,为还原高攀龙真实文学形象提供了契机。
中文关键词:晚明  党争  高攀龙  文学  理学
 
Gao Panlong's Literature from the Perspective of Party Conflict in the Late Ming Dynasty
Abstract:Gao Panlong was a politician, thinker, writer and leader of the Donglin School in the late Ming Dynasty. Gao Panlong's literature under the vision of the Party Conflict in the late Ming Dynasty presents a multifaceted and complex style. Gao Panlong's poems mainly imitated Tao Yuanming. Clarity authenticity and elegance are main characteristics. Gao Panlong was relegated, dismissed from office as a scholar and even when the Donglin Academy was destroyed, his poetry creation still basically maintained his original poetic style. The memorandum articles written in the Wanli Period show a fierce and indignant style, which is totally different from the elegance of most articles. After Gao Panlong's death, Chen Longzheng, the disciple, compiled his posthumous manuscripts and edited The Writings of Gao Zi in the fifth year of Chongzhen. The letters by Gao Panlong during the Tianqi period reveals complex thoughts of resentment, regret, helplessness, fate and even despair. This is not only inconsistent with the confidence and calmness of Taoism in the past rulers, but also contrary to the nothing thought in the Neo-Confucianism that has been repeatedly admonished. This reflects the contradiction between Gao Panlong's Neo-Confucianism and literature, which is trapped in party disputes. This provides an opportunity to restore the true literary image of Gao Panlong.
keywords:late Ming Dynasty  party conflict  Gao Panlong  literature  neo-Confucianism
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