胡安国对佛教思想的吸收与批判
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引用本文:陈代湘,孟 玲.胡安国对佛教思想的吸收与批判[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2022,(2):29-34
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陈代湘,孟 玲 (湘潭大学 哲学与历史文化学院,湖南 湘潭 411105) 
中文摘要:宋代理学家胡安国曾与佛僧有过密切的往来,在佛理上有着较高的造诣,这在一定程度上影响了胡安国理学思想的形成,也为他批判佛教思想奠定了理论基础。胡安国对佛教思想的吸收主要表现在三个方面:一是“不起不灭心之体,方起方灭心之用”对佛教“一心开二门”思想的吸收;二是“性善不与恶对”对佛教“性无善恶”论的吸收;三是“平常即是精妙”对佛教“平常心是道”思想的吸收。胡安国对佛教思想的批判也主要表现在三个方面:本体论上批判佛教“以理为障”;心性论上批判佛教“批根拔本,殄灭人伦”;工夫论上批判佛教“不假证修而语觉地”。胡安国对佛教思想的吸收与批判进一步影响了胡寅、胡宏,对湖湘学派理学思想的建构起了不可忽视的作用。
中文关键词:胡安国  佛教思想  吸收  批判
 
Hu Anguo's Absorption and Criticisms to Buddhist Thoughts
Abstract:Hu Anguo, a Neo-Confucianist in the Song Dynasty, had close contact with monks, and had high attainments in Buddhism, which, to some extent, influenced the formation of Hu Anguo’s Neo-Confucianism thoughts and laid a theoretical foundation for his criticisms of Buddhist thoughts. Hu Anguo's absorption of Buddhist thought is mainly manifested in three aspects:the first is the absorption of “the body of the mind is no birth and no death, the use of the mind is always alive and dead” from the Buddhist thought of “the mind with two positions”; the second is the absorption of “Xing is the good not opposed to the bad” from Buddhist thought of “Xing is neither the good nor the bad”; the third is the absorption of “ordinary being exquisite” from the Buddhist thought of “ordinary mind being Tao”. At the same time, Hu Anguo’s criticism of Buddhist thought lies mainly in three aspects: on the Ontology criticizing Buddhism’s “taking Li as obstacles”;on the theory of mind-nature criticizing Buddhism’s “elimination of human relations”;on the theory of Gongfu criticizing Buddhism’s “saying enlightenment without practice”. Hu Anguo's absorption and criticism of Buddhist thought further influenced Hu Yin and Hu Hong, and played an important role in the construction of Huxiang School’s Neo-Confucianism.
keywords:Hu Anguo  Buddhist thought  absorption  criticism
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