帮助信息网络犯罪活动罪的“口袋化”纠偏
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引用本文:陈 洪 兵.帮助信息网络犯罪活动罪的“口袋化”纠偏[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2022,(2):127-135
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作者单位
陈 洪 兵 (东南大学 法学院江苏 南京 211189) 
中文摘要:帮助信息网络犯罪活动罪之所以独立成罪,是因为旨在有效抑制日益严重的网络犯罪,而将具有类型性地侵害法益抽象危险性的网络犯罪帮助行为,配置独立的构成要件与法定刑,以摆脱对下游犯罪成罪与否(如罪量)及刑罚轻重的依赖。但立法定位不准、行为类型认定混乱、界限竞合处理随意及中立帮助行为认定不清,造成该罪的“口袋化”。实际上,争论该罪是“帮助行为正犯化”还是“帮助犯的量刑规则”,并无实际意义;该罪也并非所谓中立帮助行为的正犯化;企图从是否存在“通谋”“充分的意思联络”、是否专门为他人“量身定制”、是否情节严重等方面区分该罪与诈骗等罪的共犯,有违共犯原理、责任主义及罪刑均衡原则,而不可取。只要客观上与他人实施的网络犯罪行为及其结果之间具有因果性,主观上对此存在认识,而且行为本身违反相关禁止性规定,原则上都不能否认诈骗等罪共犯的成立。
中文关键词:帮助信息网络犯罪活动罪  口袋罪  中立帮助行为  竞合  共犯
 
“Pocketization” Corrections of Crimes of Helping Cybercrime
Abstract:The reason why the crime of helping information network criminal activities is an independent crime is to effectively curb the increasingly serious network crime, and configure independent constituent elements and legal punishment for the network crime helping behavior with the abstract risk of infringing on legal interests, so as to get rid of the dependence on the establishment of downstream crimes (such as the severity of crimes) and the severity of penalties. However, inaccurate legislative positioning, confused identification of behavior types, arbitrary treatment of boundary concurrence and unclear identification of neutral help behavior lead to the “pocket” of the crimes. In fact, it is of no practical significance to argue whether the crime is “the perpetration of helping behavior” or “the sentencing rules of helping crime”; The crime is not the so-called perpetration of neutral helping behavior. Trying to distinguish the accomplice of the crime and the crime of fraud from the accomplice of the crime of fraud in terms of whether there is “conspiracy”, “sufficient meaning contact”, whether it is specially tailored for others, and whether the circumstances are serious, violating the principles of accomplice, the principle of responsibility and that of balance between crime and punishment, which is not desirable. As long as there is a causal relationship between the network crime committed by others objectively and its results, there is a subjective understanding of this, and the behavior itself violates the relevant prohibitive provisions, in principle, we can not deny the establishment of accomplices in crimes such as fraud.
keywords:crimes of helping cybercrime  pocket crime  neutral helping behavior  co-opetition  accomplice
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