国际专利诉讼中的禁诉令制度
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引用本文:欧福永1,袁江平1,2.国际专利诉讼中的禁诉令制度[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2022,(2):136-146
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欧福永1,袁江平1,2 (1.湖南师范大学 法学院湖南 长沙 4100812.湖南大学 岳麓书院湖南 长沙 410082) 
中文摘要:专利的地域性和时效性以及专利诉讼中的巨额利益导致的禁诉令、禁执令被英美法系国家的诉讼当事人频繁使用,成为国际专利诉讼中的重要战术工具,其中针对我国签发的禁诉令也越来越多。英美法系国家在专利诉讼中签发禁诉令优先考量的是“公正地解决私人争议”,更重视双方当事人的意思自治,考量的因素包括当事人之间是否有管辖权协议或仲裁协议、能否实现实体正义、外国的诉讼是否为无理缠讼等。而大陆法系国家优先考量的是“公共司法权威”而不是私人正义,更加奉行各国法院应当互相尊重彼此的管辖权与裁判权。我国没有禁诉令制度,可以先利用行为保全制度暂行“禁诉令”功能,利用商务部《阻断外国法律与措施不当域外适用办法》阻断外国禁诉令的适用,并及时构建禁诉令制度。可考虑在我国《民事诉讼法》中增设禁诉令条款,对禁诉令的签发原则、签发理由、签发管辖条件、签发程序等予以规定。
中文关键词:国际专利诉讼  管辖权  禁诉令  管辖权协议  仲裁协议
 
A Study on the Anti-suit Injunction System in International Patent Litigation
Abstract:The regionality and timeliness of patent and the huge interest in patent litigation lead to the frequent use of anti-suit injunction and anti-implement injunction by litigants in British and American, which has become an important tactical tool in international patent litigation, among which more and more injunctions are issued against our country. In common law countries, the priority of issuing anti-suit injunction in patent litigation is “just settlement of private disputes”, and more attention is paid to the autonomy of the parties, including whether there is jurisdiction or arbitration agreement between the parties, whether substantive justice can be realized, and whether foreign litigation is unreasonable. In civil law, the priority is “public judicial authority” rather than private justice, more adherence to the national courts should respect each other's jurisdiction. There is no anti-suit injunction system in our country, we can first use the temporary “prohibition order” function of the act preservation system, block the application of the foreign anti-suit injunction by using the “measures to block the improper application of foreign laws and measures” of the Ministry of Commerce, and build an anti-suit injunction system in time. We can consider the addition of anti-suit injunction provision in the Civil Procedure Law, and stipulate the principles, the reasons for issuance, the jurisdiction conditions, and the issuance procedures of anti-suit injunction.
keywords:international patent litigation  jurisdiction  anti-suit injunction  jurisdiction agreement  arbitration agreement
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