上古汉语“方式+结果”动词研究
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引用本文:王先云.上古汉语“方式+结果”动词研究[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2022,(5):112-118
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作者单位
王先云 (湖南大学 中国语言文学学院湖南 长沙 410082) 
中文摘要:通过词义、句法语义和音义匹配等方面的综合考察,发现上古汉语中存在一些“方式+结果”动词,包括表致死义的“弑”类动词,表断折义的“截、斩、拉”,表分离义的“剖”,表使出义的“抉”,以及通过音变构词派生出的“贯 去、染去”。这些动词所处的语义场中通常存在一个作为上位词的“致使+结果”动词,且在上古汉语中都没有相配的表状态变化的不及物用法。
中文关键词:上古汉语  “致使+结果”动词  “方式+结果”动词  方式/结果互补
 
A Study on the “Manner + Result” Verbs in Archaic Chinese
Abstract:Through the comprehensive investigation of the lexical semantics, syntax semantics and phonetic-semantic relations, it is found that there are some “Manner + Result” verbs in Archaic Chinese, including the “Shi(弑)” verbs that express the meaning of death, “Jie(截), Zhan(斩), La(拉)” that express the broken meaning, “Pou(剖)” that expresses the separated meaning, “Jue(抉)” that expresses the meaning of getting something out, and the “Guan(贯), Ran(染)” with a Qusheng(去声) tone derived from the phonetic-change word formation. Usually, there is a “Cause + Result” verb as the hypernym in each semantic field of these verbs, and none of them have evolved into the matched intransitive usage expressing the state change in Archaic Chinese.
keywords:Archaic Chinese  “Cause + Result” verb  “Manner + Result” verb  manner/result complementarity
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