民国时期熊十力与船山学研究
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引用本文:郭 钦.民国时期熊十力与船山学研究[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2022,(5):132-138
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郭 钦 (湖南省社会科学院 历史文化研究所湖南 长沙 410003) 
中文摘要:熊十力的《心书》(1918)、《新唯识论》(1944)、《读经示要》(1945)等著作既反映了熊十力对王船山的学术思想的认识历程,也大体反映了民国时期熊十力对王船山学术思想的研究情况。《心书》所论王船山学术是熊十力早年思考人生与哲学关系之时对船山“道器一元”论的初步体悟;《新唯识论》则以“翕辟成变”说对船山易学之“乾坤并建”等宇宙观有继承有批判;《读经示要》以“尊生”“明有”“主动”“率性”四说对王船山学术及精神进行了总体评价,其有认同王船山学术之处,也有不认同之处。总之,因熊十力的哲学宗主、宗旨不同,其为学之道与王船山也就同趣异旨。
中文关键词:熊十力  船山学  继承  批评
 
On Chuanshan’s Academic by Xiong Shili during the Republic of China
Abstract:Xiong Shili’s works such as Xinshu(《心书》) (1918), The New Doctrine of Consciousness(《新唯识论》)(1944) and Insights of Reading Classics(《读经示要》) (1945) not only reflect Xiong Shili’s understanding of Wang Chuanshan’s academic thoughts, but also reflect Xiong Shili’s research on Wang Chuanshan’s academic thoughts during the Republic of China. Chuanshan’s academic theory discussed in Xinshu(《心书》) is Xiong Shili’s preliminary understanding of unified Tao-Qi (道器一元) which he realized when he was thinking about the relationship between life and philosophy in his early years.The New Doctrine of Consciousness with the theory of Xi Bi Cheng Bian(翕辟成变) inherits and criticizes the theory of Construction of Both Qian and Kun(乾坤并建)of Chuanshan’s yi-ology. Insights of Reading Classics gives an overall evaluation of Chuanshan’s philosophy and spirit in terms of “respecting life” “being real” “being active” and “being spontaneous”,yet, some agree or disagree. In short, Xiong Shili’s way of learning is the same as Chuanshan,but the purpose is different from his philosophical view.
keywords:Xiong Shili  Chuanshan’s academic  inheritance  criticisms
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