作品独创性功能的反思与重塑——基于著作权法结构与价值目标的双重视角
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引用本文:付继存.作品独创性功能的反思与重塑——基于著作权法结构与价值目标的双重视角[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2022,(5):147-155
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作者单位
付继存 (中国政法大学 民商经济法学院北京 100088) 
中文摘要:著作权法中独创性判定的分歧源于功能认知的偏差。由于独创性只能明确作品保护的正当性,对邻接权客体的判定与正当性解释无法律意义,独创性的体系划分功能不能被解读为邻接权客体无独创性或者独创性较低,而作品的独创性较高。由于“最低限度的创造性”的功能可被思想表达二分法取代,“一定程度的创作高度”在我国被错误地理解为单个作品获得保护的评价性概念,而经济分析方法又缺乏正当性与可操作性,独创性的价值评判功能似是而非。事实上,独创性只具有从创作行为与创作结果来描述创作事实的功能。判断独创性,应考量作品表达思想与创作自由度两个因素。
中文关键词:独创性  体系划分功能  价值评判功能  事实描述功能
 
Reflections on the Function of Originality of Works and Its Remodeling: Based on the Dual Perspectives of Structure and Value Goals of Copyright Law
Abstract:The disagreement over originality determination in copyright law stems from the cognitive bias of function of originality. Since originality can only justify the protection of works, and it has no legal significance to the determination and justification of the objects of neighboring rights, the systematic rights-categorizing function of originality cannot be interpreted as the objects of neighboring rights having no originality or low originality in contrast to works copyrighted with high originality, the function of value judgment spacious for the function of minimum creativity can be replaced by the dichotomy of thought and expression, and the standard of a certain degree of creative height is misunderstood as an evaluative term for single work protected in China, meanwhile, the method of economic analysis is neither proper nor operational. In fact, originality only has the function of describing the fact in terms of the action and the result of creation. Thus, the determination of originality should consider two factors which are the expression of ideas and the degree of creative freedom.
keywords:originality  function of systematic rights-categorizing  function of value judgment  function of fact description
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