互联网平台分级监管的法理逻辑与路径完善——基于欧盟《数字服务法》的比较观察
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引用本文:展鹏贺,罗小坤.互联网平台分级监管的法理逻辑与路径完善——基于欧盟《数字服务法》的比较观察[J].湖南大学学报社会科学版,2023,(3):72-79
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作者单位
展鹏贺,罗小坤 (湖南大学 法学院湖南 长沙 410082) 
中文摘要:数字经济时代,包容审慎监管成为法治政府建设的重要内容,体现着政府的治理能力和治理水平,具体到互联网平台监管领域,包容审慎理念所体现的比例原则内涵,要求立法者在具体监管模式的选择上,充分考虑不同互联网平台间的差异并区分配置合理的义务体系。在比较法视野下,欧盟《数字服务法》创造性依平台用户规模差异,配置梯度式平台义务和监管责任体系,实现风险防范目标下比例原则的精细制度安排。比较而言,我国平台分级监管初现雏形,实体与程序规定设置对平台监管目标实现仍存在距离,强分类分级监管理念与弱治理规范设计的格局尚未打破。从算法透明与数据报送两个方面课以超大型平台额外的勤勉义务,并在具体制度设计中完善相关实体与程序规定,有利于处理好平台经济发展与政府有力监管的关系,实现政府监管与平台自我监管的良好互动。
中文关键词:平台监管  分级规制  比例原则  风险防范
 
The Legal Logic and Path Improvement of Hierarchical Regulation of Internet Platforms——Comparative Observation Based on the EU Digital Services Act
Abstract:In the era of digital economy, inclusive and prudential regulation has become an important element in the construction of rule of law government, which reflects the government’s governance capacity and governance level. Specifically, in the field of Internet platform regulation, the principle of proportionality embodied in the concept of inclusive and prudent requires legislators to fully consider the differences between different Internet platforms and allocate a reasonable system of obligations in the selection of specific regulatory models. Under the perspective of comparative law, according to the differences in the scale of platform users, the EU Digital Services Act creatively configures a graded system of platform obligations and regulatory responsibilities under the goal of risk prevention to realize the fine institutional arrangement of the principle of proportionality. In comparison, although the platform hierarchical supervision in China has begun to take shape, the distance between the substantive and procedural provisions to achieve the goal of platform regulation still exists. The pattern of strong graded regulation concept and weak governance specification design has not yet been broken. So with the improvement of relevant substantive and procedural provisions in the specific system design, the additional diligence obligations of mega platforms in terms of algorithmic transparency and data reporting are conducive to handling the relationship between the economic development of platforms and strong government regulation, which is beneficial for the good interaction between government regulation and platform self-regulation.
keywords:platform regulation  hierarchical regulation  proportionality principle  risk prevention
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